Advertisement

Demography

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 427–440 | Cite as

Strength of attachment: Survey coverage of people with tenuous ties to residences

  • Elizabeth Martin
Article

Abstract

This article draws on evidence from an exploratory survey of living situations to assess the validity of assumptions about residence and to offer methodological innovations to improve coverage of people with tenuous attachment to households. These innovations include more inclusive probes and questions used to compile the roster of household residents; a review of the places a person stayed the previous few months; and a Residential Attachment scale that measures strength of attachment to households. This scale shows that it takes more probing to list tenuously attached people than most surveys do, suggesting that tenuously attached people are likely to be omitted from the typical survey roster. The Residential Attachment scale is correlated with social and economic participation in households, suggesting that participation is fairly high even among those with tenuous or no residential attachment.

Keywords

Census Bureau Father Involvement Sample Household Decennial Census Nonresident Father 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, T.S. and E.A. Krejsa. 2002. “Results of the Person Followup/Evaluation Followup Review for the Census 2000 Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation.” Pp. 1–6 in Proceedings of the American Statistical Association (Survey Research Methods Section). Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.Google Scholar
  2. Bates, N.A. and E.R. Gerber. 1998. “Temporary Mobility and Reporting of Usual Residence.” Survey Methodology 24(1):89–98.Google Scholar
  3. Carlson, M.J. and S.S. McLanahan. 2004. “Early Father Involvement in Fragile Families.” Pp. 241–71 in Conceptualizing and Measuring Father Involvement, edited by R. Day and M. Lamb. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  4. Casper, L.M. and S.M. Bianchi. 2002. Continuity and Change in the American Family. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  5. Clemence, T.G. 1986. Place of Abode. Unpublished manuscript. U.S. Census Bureau.Google Scholar
  6. Coley, R.L. and J.E. Morris. 2002. “Comparing Father and Mother Reports of Father Involvement Among Low-Income Minority Families.” Journal of Marriage and Family 64:982–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. de la Puente, M. 1993. “Why Are People Missed or Erroneously Included by the Census: A Summary of Findings From Ethnographic Coverage Reports.” Pp. 29–66 in 1993 Proceedings of the Conference on Undercounted Ethnic Populations. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration.Google Scholar
  8. Duncan, O.D. 1984. “Measurement and Structure.” Pp. 179–229 in Surveying Subjective Phenomena, Vol. 1, edited by C. Turner and E. Martin. New York: Russell Sage.Google Scholar
  9. Ellis, Y. 1994. Categorical Data Analysis of Census Omissions. DSSD 1990 REX Memorandum Series No. PP-10. U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  10. —. 1995. “Examination of Census Omission and Erroneous Enumeration Based on 1990 Ethnographic Studies of Census Coverage.” Pp. 515–20 Proceedings of the American Statistical Association (Survey Research Methods Section). Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.Google Scholar
  11. Fay, R.E. 1985. “A Jackknifed Chi-Squared Test for Complex Samples.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 80:148–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. —. 1989. “An Analysis of Within-Household Undercoverage in the Current Population Survey.” Proceedings, Annual Research Conference. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.Google Scholar
  13. —. 1998. VPLX Program Documentation. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Available online at http://www.census.gov/sdms/www/vdoc.htmlGoogle Scholar
  14. Fay, R.E. and C.F. Turner. 1989. RASCHPLX: Rasch Analysis for Contingency Tables With Complex Sample Designs. Unpublished program documentation. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
  15. Feldpausch, R. 2001. Census Person Duplication and the Corresponding A.C.E. Enumeration Status. Executive Steering Committee for A.C.E. Policy II (ESCAP), Report 6. U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC. Available online at http://www.census.gov/dmd/www/pdf/Report6.PDFGoogle Scholar
  16. Garfinkel, I., S.S. McLanahan, and T.L. Hanson. 1998. “A Patchwork Portrait of Nonresident Fathers.” Pp. 31–59 in Fathers Under Fire: The Revolution in Child Support Enforcement, edited by I. Garfinkel, S. McLanahan, D. Meyer, and J. Seltzer. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  17. Gerber, E.R. 1990. “Calculating Residence: A Cognitive Approach to Household Membership Among Low Income Blacks.” Unpublished report submitted to the U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  18. —. 1994. “The Language of Residence: Respondent Understandings and Census Rules.” Unpublished report. Center for Survey Methods Research, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  19. Gerber, E.R., T.R. Wellens, and C. Keeley. 1996. “‘Who Lives Here?: The Use of Vignettes in Household Roster Research.” Pp. 962–67 in Proceedings of the American Association for Public Opinion Research. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association. Available online at http://www. amstat.org/sections.srms/proceedingsGoogle Scholar
  20. Goodman, L.A. 1978. Analyzing Qualitative/Categorical Data. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  21. Griffin, D. and C. Moriarity. 1992. “Characteristics of Census Errors.” 1990 Decennial Census Preliminary Research and Evaluation Memorandum No. 179. U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  22. Hainer, P. 1987. “A Brief and Qualitative Study Exploring the Reasons for Census Coverage Error Among Low Income Black Households.” Unpublished report submitted to the U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  23. Hofferth, S.L., J. Pleck, J.L. Stueve, S. Bianchi, and L. Sayer. 2002. “The Demography of Fathers: What Fathers Do.” Pp. 63–90 in Handbook of Father Involvement, edited by C. Tamis-LeMonde and N. Cabrera. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  24. Martin, E. 1999. “Who Knows Who Lives Here? Within-Household Disagreements as a Source of Survey Coverage Error.” Public Opinion Quarterly 63:220–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Martin, E.A., R.E. Fay, and E.A. Krejsa. 2002. “Analysis of Questionnaire Errors in Survey Measurements of Census Coverage.” Pp. 2260–65 in Proceedings of the American Statistical Association (Survey Research Methods Section). Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.Google Scholar
  26. Moriarity, C. 1993. “Characteristics of Census Error—Additional Results.” 1990 Decennial Census Preliminary Research and Evaluation Memorandum No. 240. U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  27. National Research Council. 2006. Once, Only Once, and in the Right Place: Residence Rules in the Decennial Census, edited by D.L. Cork and P.R. Voss. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  28. Rasch, G. [1960] 1980. Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  29. Reichman, N.E., J.O. Teitler, I. Garfinkel, and S.S. McLanahan. 2001. “Fragile Families: Sample and Design.” Children and Youth Services Review 23:303–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Robinson, J.G. 2001. “ESCAP II: Demographic Analysis Results.” Executive Steering Committee for A.C.E. Policy II, Report No. 1. Available online at http://www.census.gov/dmd/www/pdf/ Report1.PDFGoogle Scholar
  31. Robinson, J.G., B. Ahmed, P. Das Gupta, and K. Woodrow. 1993. “Estimation of Population Coverage in the 1990 United States Census Based on Demographic Analysis.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 88:1061–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rodriguez, N. and J.S. Hagan. 1991. “Investigating Census Coverage and Content Among the Undocumented: An Ethnographic Study of Latin Tenants in Houston, Texas.” Ethnographic Evaluation of the 1990 Decennial Census Report No. 3. Available online at http://www.census. gov/srd/papers/pdf/ev91-3.pdfGoogle Scholar
  33. Schwede, L., R.L. Blumberg, and A.Y. Chan. 2006. Complex Ethnic Households in America. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
  34. Schwede, L. and Y. Ellis. 1994. “Exploring Associations Between Subjective and Objective Assessments of Household Membership: The Living Situation Survey.” Pp. 325–30 in Proceedings of the American Statistical Association (Survey Research Methods Section). Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.Google Scholar
  35. Skinner, C.J., D. Holt, and T.M.F. Smith. 1989. Analysis of Complex Surveys. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  36. Sullivan, M.L. 1990. An Ethnographic Study of the Number of Persons in Households in Selected New York City Neighborhoods. Ethnographic Exploratory Research Report No. 13. Available online at http://www.census.gov/srd/papers/pdf/ex90-13.pdfGoogle Scholar
  37. Sweet, E.M. 1994. “Roster Research Results From the Living Situation Survey.” Pp. 415–33 in Proceedings of the Annual Research Conference. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.Google Scholar
  38. Sweet, E.M. and N.S. Alberti. 1994. “Coverage Implications of Using the Term ‘Usual Residence.’” DSSD 2000 Census Memorandum Series No. H-17. U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  39. Tourangeau, R., G. Shapiro, A. Kearney, and L. Ernst. 1997. “Who Lives Here? Survey Undercoverage and Household Roster Questions.” Journal of Official Statistics 13:1–18.Google Scholar
  40. U.S. Census Bureau. 2000. “Monthly Estimates of the United States Population: April 1, 1980 to July 1, 1999, With Short-Term Projections to November 1, 2000.” Population Estimates Program. Available online at http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/1990s/nat-total.txtGoogle Scholar
  41. U.S. Census Bureau. 2001. “Report of the Executive Steering Committee for Accuracy and Coverage Evaluation Policy on Adjustment for Non-Redistricting Uses.” Available online at http://www.census. gov/dmd/www/pdf/Recommend2.pdfGoogle Scholar
  42. Valentine, C. and B.L. Valentine. 1971. “Missing Men: A Comparative Methodological Study of Underenumeration and Related Problems.” Unpublished report submitted to the U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  43. Wellens, T. and E. Gerber. 1996. ICM Cognitive Evaluation. Unpublished report. Center for Survey Methods Research, Statistical Research Division, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Census BureauWashington, DC

Personalised recommendations