Demography

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 35–57 | Cite as

Orphans and schooling in africa: a longitudinal analysis

Article

Abstract

AIDS deaths could have a major impact on economic development by affecting the human capital accumulation of the next generation. We estimate the impact of parent death on primary school participation using an unusual five-year panel data set of over 20,000 Kenyan children. There is a substantial decrease in school participation following a parent death and a smaller drop before the death (presumably due to pre-death morbidity). Estimated impacts are smaller in specifications without individual fixed effects, suggesting that estimates based on cross-sectional data are biased toward zero. Effects are largest for children whose mothers died and, in a novel finding, for those with low baseline academic performance.

Keywords

Maternal Death Speci Cation School Participation Orphan Status Father Death 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RAND CorporationUSA
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley
  3. 3.National Bureau of Economic ResearchUSA

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