, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 51–73 | Cite as

Fifteen years later: Can residential mobility programs provide a long-term escape from neighborhood segregation, crime, and poverty

  • Micere Keels
  • Greg J. Duncan
  • Stefanie Deluca
  • Ruby Mendenhall
  • James Rosenbaum


We examined whether the Gautreaux residential mobility program, which moved poor black volunteer families who were living in inner-city Chicago into more-affluent and integrated neighborhoods, produced long-run improvements in the neighborhood environments of the participants. We found that although all the participants moved in the 6 to 22 years since their initial placements, they continued to reside in neighborhoods with income levels that matched those of their placement neighborhoods. Families who were placed in higher-income, mostly white neighborhoods were currently living in the most-affluent neighborhoods. Families who were placed in lower-crime and suburban locations were most likely to reside in low-crime neighborhoods years later.


Census Tract Uniform Crime Reporting Black Resident Violent Crime Rate Current Neighborhood 
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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Micere Keels
    • 1
  • Greg J. Duncan
    • 1
  • Stefanie Deluca
    • 2
  • Ruby Mendenhall
    • 3
  • James Rosenbaum
    • 1
  1. 1.Human Development and Social Policy programNorthwestern UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyJohns Hopkins UniversityUSA
  3. 3.Harris Graduate School of Public Policy StudiesUniversity of ChicagoUSA

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