, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 589–603 | Cite as

Is low fertility a twenty-first-century demographic crisis?

  • S. Philip Morgan


Nearly half of the world’s population in 2000 lived in countries with fertility rates at or below replacement level, and nearly all countries will reach low fertility levels in the next two decades. Concerns about low fertility, fertility that is well below replacement, are widespread. But there are both persistent rationales for having children and institutional adjustments that can make the widespread intentions for two children attainable, even in increasingly individualistic and egalitarian societies.


Total Fertility Rate Replacement Level Fertility Transition Nonmarital Birth World Population Prospect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Philip Morgan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyDuke UniversityDurham

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