, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 551–561 | Cite as

Education and survival: Birth cohort, period, and age effects

  • Diane S. Lauderdale
Elderly Health Status And Mortality In Developed Countries


Previous studies have found that educational differences in mortality are weaker among the elderly. In this study I examine whether either cohort or period effects may have influenced the interpretation of age effects. Six 10-year birth cohorts are followed over 30 years through decennial censuses. Differential survival is inferred from changes in the relative proportions of a cohort in each education category as the cohort ages. In cross-section, younger persons generally show stronger education effects on survival, although this pattern is clearer for women than for men. There is evidence of period effects. Within cohorts, relative survival tends to increase with age.


Educational Attainment Birth Cohort Period Effect National Health Interview Survey Relative Survival 
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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diane S. Lauderdale
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Health StudiesUniversity of ChicagoChicago

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