, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 755–775 | Cite as

Nontraditional families and childhood progress through school

  • Michael J. RosenfeldEmail author


I use U.S. census data to perform the first large-sample, nationally representative tests of outcomes for children raised by same-sex couples. The results show that children of same-sex couples are as likely to make normal progress through school as the children of most other family structures. Heterosexual married couples are the family type whose children have the lowest rates of grade retention, but the advantage of heterosexual married couples is mostly due to their higher socioeconomic status. Children of all family types (including children of same-sex couples) are far more likely to make normal progress through school than are children living in group quarters (such as orphanages and shelters).


Family Type Foster Child Lesbian Couple Normal Progress Grade Retention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyStanford UniversityStanford

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