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Clays and Clay Minerals

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 240–249 | Cite as

Clean-Up of Wastes from the Textile Industry Using Anionic Clays

  • Jorge Flores
  • Enrique LimaEmail author
  • Marisela Maubert
  • Enrique Aduna
  • Jose Luis Rivera
Article

Abstract

Toxic dyes must be removed from waste water coming from the textile and paint industries. Adsorption is one possible method of removing dyes under ‘soft’ conditions, without the generation of secondary hazardous materials. The present study used the carbonate-containing layered double hydroxides (LDH), Mg-Al and Mg-Zn-Al (with a M2+/M3+ ratio of 3), as adsorbents to remove two industrial colorants, Astrazon Remazol Brilliant Blue and Direct Red, present in low concentrations in aqueous solutions. The physicochemical properties of adsorbents at the surfaces of LDH, as well as the properties of the solutions containing the dyes control how the colorants are removed. Both fresh and calcined LDH were effective in the removal experiments, with effectiveness ranging from 50 to 100%. Analysis of kinetic data demonstrated that the adsorption process fitted the pseudo-second-order model better than the pseudo-first order model, information which is useful for system design in the treatment of wastes from the textile industry. Parameters such as pH of solutions and concentration of dye in solution influenced mainly the initial adsorption rate.

Key Words

Adsorption Colorant Dyes Hydrotalcite Layered Double Hydroxides Remediation Textile Industry Wastes 

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Copyright information

© The Clay Minerals Society 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Flores
    • 1
  • Enrique Lima
    • 2
    Email author
  • Marisela Maubert
    • 1
  • Enrique Aduna
    • 1
  • Jose Luis Rivera
    • 2
  1. 1.Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, AzcapotzalcoMéxico D.F.México
  2. 2.Instituto de Investigaciones en MaterialesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxico D.F.Mexico

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