Clays and Clay Minerals

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 240–249 | Cite as

Clean-Up of Wastes from the Textile Industry Using Anionic Clays

  • Jorge Flores
  • Enrique LimaEmail author
  • Marisela Maubert
  • Enrique Aduna
  • Jose Luis Rivera


Toxic dyes must be removed from waste water coming from the textile and paint industries. Adsorption is one possible method of removing dyes under ‘soft’ conditions, without the generation of secondary hazardous materials. The present study used the carbonate-containing layered double hydroxides (LDH), Mg-Al and Mg-Zn-Al (with a M2+/M3+ ratio of 3), as adsorbents to remove two industrial colorants, Astrazon Remazol Brilliant Blue and Direct Red, present in low concentrations in aqueous solutions. The physicochemical properties of adsorbents at the surfaces of LDH, as well as the properties of the solutions containing the dyes control how the colorants are removed. Both fresh and calcined LDH were effective in the removal experiments, with effectiveness ranging from 50 to 100%. Analysis of kinetic data demonstrated that the adsorption process fitted the pseudo-second-order model better than the pseudo-first order model, information which is useful for system design in the treatment of wastes from the textile industry. Parameters such as pH of solutions and concentration of dye in solution influenced mainly the initial adsorption rate.

Key Words

Adsorption Colorant Dyes Hydrotalcite Layered Double Hydroxides Remediation Textile Industry Wastes 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bouraada, M., Belhalfaoui, F., Ouali, M.S., and de Ménorval, L.C. (2009) Sorption study of an acid dye from an aqueous solution on modified Mg-Al layered double hydroxides. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 163, 463–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Choudhury, A.K. (2006) Textile Preparation and Dyeing. Science Publishers, New Hampshire, USA.Google Scholar
  3. Climent, M.J., Corma, A., Iborra, S., and Velty A. (2004) Activated hydrotalcites as catalysts for the synthesis of chalcones of pharmaceutical interest. Journal of Catalysis, 221, 474–482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Constantino, U., Coletti, N., Nocchetti, M., Aloisi, G., and Elisei, F. (1999) Anion exchange of methyl orange into Zn-Al synthetic hydrotalcite and photophysical characterization of the intercalates obtained. Langmuir, 15, 4454–4460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Debecker, D.P., Gaigneaux, E.M., and Busca G. (2009) Exploring, tuning and exploiting the basicity of hydrotalcites for applications in heterogeneous catalysis. Chemistry - A European Journal, 15, 3920–3935.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Deligeorgiev, T.G., Gadjev, N.I., Drexhage, K.H., and Sabnis, R.W. (1995) Preparation of intercalating dye thiazole orange and derivatives. Dyes and Pigments, 29, 315–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. El Gaini, L., Lakraimi, M., Sebbar, E., Meghea, A., and Bakasse, M. (2009) Removal of indigo carmine dye from water to Mg-Al-CO3-calcined layered double hydroxides. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 161, 627–632.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. El-Molla, M.M. and Schneider, R. (2006) Development of ecofriendly binders for pigment printing of all types of textile fabrics. Dyes and Pigments, 71, 130–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Figueras F. (2004) Base catalysis in the synthesis of fine chemicals. Topics in Catalysis, 29, 189–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ganschow, M., Wörle, D., and Schulz-Eloff, G. (1999) Incorporation of differently substituted phthalocyanines into the mesoporous molecular sieve Si-MCM-41. Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines, 3, 299–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Herbst, W. and Hunger, K. (2004) Industrial Organic Pigments. Wiley-VCH Verlag & Co., Weinheim, Germany.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hibino, T. and Tsunashima, A. (1998) Characterization of repeatedly reconstructed Mg-Al hydrotalcite-like compounds: gradual segregation of aluminum from the structure. Chemistry of Materials, 10, 4055–4061.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ho, Y.S. and Chiang, C.C. (2001) Sorption studies of acid dye by mixed sorbents. Adsorption, 7, 139–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ho, Y.S. and McKay, G. (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochemistry, 34, 451–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hoppe, R., Schulz-Ekloff, G., Wohrle, D., Kirschhock, C., and Fuess H. (1994) Synthesis, location, and photoinduced transformation of zeolite-encaged thioindigo. Langmuir, 10, 1517–1523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hsiue, G.H., Lee, R.H., and Jeng, R.J. (1999) Organic sol-gel materials for second-order nonlinear optics based on melamines. Journal of Polymer Science: Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 37, 2503–2510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ibarra, I.A., Loera, S., Laguna, H., Lima, E., and Lara, V. (2005) Irreversible adsorption of an Aztec dye on fractal surfaces. Chemistry of Materials, 17, 5763–5769.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Inbaraj, B.S., Chiu, C.P., Ho, G.H., Yang, J., and Chen, B.H. (2006) Removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solution using an anionic poly-glutamic acid-based adsorbent. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 137, 226–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Johnson, C.A. and Glasser, F.P. (2003) Hydrotalcite-like minerals (M2Al(OH)6(CO3)0.5.XH2O, where M = Mg, Zn, Co, Ni) in the environment: Synthesis, characterization and thermodynamic stability. Clays and Clay Minerals, 51, 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jones, F. (1967) The color and constitution of organic molecules. Pp. 26–34 in: Pigments: An Introduction to their Physical Chemistry, (D. Patterson, editor). Elsevier, London.Google Scholar
  21. Lagergren, S. and Svenska, B.K. (1898) Zur theorie der sogenannten adsorption geloesterstoffe. Vetenskapsakademien Handligar, 24, 1.Google Scholar
  22. Laguna, H., Loera, S., Ibarra, I.A., Lima, E., Vera, M.A., and Lara, V. (2007) Azoic dyes hosted on hydrotalcite-like compounds: Non-toxic hybrid pigments. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 98, 234–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Li, Y., Gao, B., Wu, T., Wang, B., and Li, X. (2009) Adsorption properties of aluminum magnesium mixed hydroxide for the model anionic dye Reactive Brilliant Red K-2BP. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 164, 1098–1104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lima, E., Bosch, P., Loera, S., Ibarra, I.A., Laguna, H., and Lara, V. (2009) Non-toxic hybrid pigments: Sequestering betanidin chromophores on inorganic matrices. Applied Clay Science, 42, 478–482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lippmaa, E., Samoson, A., and Magi, M. (1986) High-resolution 27Al NMR of aluminosilicates. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 108, 1730–1735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Martínez-Ortiz, M.J., Lima, E., Lara, V., and Méndez Vivar, J. (2008) Structural and textural evolution during folding of layers of layered double hydroxides. Langmuir, 24, 8904–8911.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Morris, W.J. and Morris, J.C., (1963) Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. Journal of the Sanitary Engineering Division of the American Society for Civil Engineers, 89, 31–60.Google Scholar
  28. Orthman, J., Zhu, H.Y., and Lu, G.Q., (2003) Use of anion clay hydrotalcite to remove colored organics from aqueous solutions. Separation and Purification Technology, 31, 53–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Prinetto, F., Ghiotti, G., Durand, R., and Tichit, D. (2000a) Investigation of acid-base properties of catalysts obtained from layered double hydroxides. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 104, 11117–11126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Prinetto, F., Ghiotti, G., Graffin, P., and Tichit, D. (2000b) Synthesis and characterization of sol-gel Mg/Al and Ni/Al layered double hydroxides and comparison with co-precipitated samples. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 39, 229–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rao, K.K., Gravelle, M., Sanchez Valente, J., and Figueras, F. (1998) Activation of Mg-Al hydrotalcite catalysts for aldol condensation reactions. Journal of Catalysis, 173, 115–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rives, V. (2002) Layered Double Hydroxides, Present and Future. Nova Science, New York.Google Scholar
  33. Sampieri, A. and Lima, E. (2009) On the acid-base properties of microwave irradiated hydrotalcite-like compounds containing Zn2+ and Mn2+. Langmuir, 25, 3634–3639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Santos, S.C.R., Vilar, V.J.P., and Boaventura, R.A.R. (2008) Waste metal hydroxide sludge as adsorbent for a reactive dye. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 153, 999–1008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Thevenot, F., Szymanski, R., and Chaumette, R. (1989) Preparation and characterization of Al-rich Zn-A1 hydrotalcite-like compounds. Clays and Clay Minerals, 37, 396–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tunç, Ö., Tanac, H., and Aksu, Z. (2009) Potential use of cotton plant wastes for the removal of Remazol Black B reactive dye. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 163, 187–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Valente, J., Sánchez-Cantú, M., Lima, E., and Figueras, F. (2009) Method for large-scale production of multimetallic layered double hydroxides: formation mechanism discernment. Chemistry of Materials, 21, 5809–5818.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Veloso, C.O., Noda Pérez, C., de Souza, B.M., Lima Ev., C., Dias, A.G., Monteiro, J.L.F., and Henriques, C.A. (2008) Condensation of glyceraldehyde acetonide with ethyl acetoacetate over Mg, Al-mixed oxides derived from hydrotalcites. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 107, 23–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Vigo, T.L. (1994) Textile Processing and Properties: Preparation, Dyeing, Finishing and Performance. Elsevier, New York.Google Scholar
  40. Wark, M., Ganschow, M., Ortlam, A., Schulz-Ekloff, G., and Wöhrle, D. (1998) Monomeric encapsulation of phthalocyanine dye molecules in the pores of Si-MCM-41 and Ti-MCM-41. Journal of Physical Chemistry - Berichte der Bunsen-Gesellschaft, 102, 1548–1553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wu, F., Tseng, R., and Juang, R. (2001) Kinetic modeling of liquid-phase adsorption of reactive dyes and metal ions on chitosan. Water Research, 35, 613–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhu, M., Li, Y-P., Xie, M., and Xin, H-Z. (2005) Sorption of an anionic dye by uncalcined and calcined layered double hydroxides: a case study. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 120, 163–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Clay Minerals Society 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Flores
    • 1
  • Enrique Lima
    • 2
    Email author
  • Marisela Maubert
    • 1
  • Enrique Aduna
    • 1
  • Jose Luis Rivera
    • 2
  1. 1.Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, AzcapotzalcoMéxico D.F.México
  2. 2.Instituto de Investigaciones en MaterialesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxico D.F.Mexico

Personalised recommendations