The nature and number of acid sites per unit weight on a series of materials obtained by interaction of a montmorillonite with zirconium or cerium hydrogenphosphates precipitated in situ by reaction between their precursors have been investigated.
The quantitative determination of the surface acidity has been carried out by three different methods: titration with triethanolamine in aqueous media; TG analysis of the samples after n-butylamine treatment and vacuum desorption; and chemisorption of NH3 at 239.8 K. Additional information about the nature of the surface acid sites has been obtained from the IR spectra of the samples with bases adsorbed.
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