Clays and Clay Minerals

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 223–228 | Cite as

Thermal Behavior and Decomposition of Intercalated Kaolinite

  • Magda Gábor
  • Mária Tóth
  • János Kristóf
  • Gábor Komáromi-Hiller


Intercalation complexes of a Hungarian kaolinite were prepared with hydrazine and potassium acetate. The thermal behavior and decomposition of the kaolinite-potassium acetate complex was studied by simultaneous TA-EGA, XRD, and FTIR methods. The intercalation complex is stable up to 300°C, and decomposition takes place in two stages after melting of potassium acetate intercalated in the interlayer spaces. Dehydroxylation occurred, in the presence of a molten phase, at a lower temperature than for the pure kaolinite. FTIR studies revealed that there is a sequence of dehydroxylation for the various OH groups of intercalated kaolinite. The reaction mechanism was followed up to 1000°C via identification of the gaseous and solid decomposition products formed: H2O, CO2, CO, C3H6O, intercalated phases with basal spacings of 14.1 Å, 11.5 Å, and 8.5 Å as well as elemental carbon, K4H2(CO3)3 · 1.5H2O, K2CO3 · 1.5H2O, and KAlSiO4.

Key Words

Infrared spectroscopy Intercalation Kaolinite Thermal Analysis X-ray powder diffraction 


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Copyright information

© The Clay Minerals Society 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Magda Gábor
    • 1
  • Mária Tóth
    • 2
  • János Kristóf
    • 3
  • Gábor Komáromi-Hiller
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Inorganic and Analytical ChemistryL. Eötvös UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Research Laboratory of Geochemistry of the Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Department of Analytical ChemistryUniversity of VeszprémVeszprémHungary

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