Isothermal Treatments of Regularly Interstratified Montmorillonite-Beidellite at Hydrothermal Conditions
A glass in the intermediate composition of montmorillonite and beidellite, 50/50 in mole ratio, was treated under a hydrothermal pressure of 100 MPa, in the temperature range from 250 to 500°C and durations from 2 to 129 days. The phases identified in the products were plotted in a time-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagram. The TTT diagram showed that the regularly interstratified montmorillonite-beidellite (r.i.M-B) was a metastable phase above the temperature of 350°C and changed to the assemblage of Na-rectorite + saponite + quartz, through the intermediate assemblage of beidellite + saponite + quartz. The TTT diagram suggested also that the r.i.M-B might be a stable clay mineral below the temperature of 300°C in the middle region of montmorillonite-beidellite pseudo-binary system, although the laboratory confirmation of the mineral stability was not easy for the sluggish reaction.
Key WordsHydrothermal condition Isothermal treatments Regularly stratified montmorillonite-beidellite
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