Advertisement

Clays and Clay Minerals

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 655–661 | Cite as

Synthesis of Smectite from Volcanic Glass at Low Temperature

  • Katsutoshi Tomita
  • Hisanori Yamane
  • Motoharu Kawano
Article

Abstract

Smectite and zeolites were formed from a volcanic glass as the products of reaction with NaOH solution at 90°C and 100°C under atmospheric pressure. Formation conditions of smectite and various zeolites were determined by the ratio of the amounts of volcanic glass (g) to NaOH (g) in the solution. Smectite was formed under the condition that the values of weight of volcanic glass (g)/(NaOH(g)/40) are between 0.5 and 6. Fe was an important constituent of the octahedral layer of smectite.

Key Words

Low temperature Smectite Sodium hydroxide concentration Synthesis Volcanic glass Zeolites 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bowen, N. L. and Tuttle, O. F. (1949) The system MgO-Al2O3-H2O: Bull. Geol. Soc. Am. 60, 439–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dibble, Jr., W.E. and Tiller, W. A. (1981a) Non-equilibrium water/rock interaction. I. Model for interface-controlled reactions: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 45, 79–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dibble, Jr., W. E. and Tiller, W. A. (1981b) Kinetic model of zeolite paragenesis in tuffaceous sediments: Clays & Clay Minerals 29, 323–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Farmer, V. C. and Russell, J. D. (1964) The infrared spectra of layer silicates: Spectrochim. Acta 20, 1149–1173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Farmer, V. V., Krishnamurti, G. S. R., and Huang, P. M. (1991) Synthetic allophane and layer-silicate formation in SiO2-Al2O3-FeO-Fe2O3-MgO-H2O system at 23°C and 89°C in a calcareous environment: Clays & Clay Minerals 39, 561–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Nemecz, E. (1981) Clay Minerals, Part III: Genesis of clay: Akadémiai Kiadό, Budapest.Google Scholar
  7. Noll, W. (1930) Synthese von montmorilloniten: Chem. Erde 10, 129–154.Google Scholar
  8. Noll, W. (1935) Mineralbildung im system Al2O3-SiO2-H2O: Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Geol. Beilage Bd. A, 70, 65–115.Google Scholar
  9. Noll., W. (1936) Ueber die bildungsbedingungen von kaolin, montmorillonit, sericit, pyrophyllit, und analcim: Minera-log. Petrog. u. Mitt. 48, 210–246.Google Scholar
  10. Roy, D. M. and Roy, R. (1955) Synthesis and stability of minerals in the system of MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O: Amer. Mineral. 40, 147–178.Google Scholar
  11. Sand, L. B., Roy, R., and Osborn, E. F. (1953) Stability relations of some minerals in the system Na2O-Al2O3-H2O: Bull. Geol. Soc. Am. 64, 1469–1470.Google Scholar
  12. Sheppard, R. A. and Gude 3rd, A. J. (1968) Distribution and genesis of authigenic silicate minerals in tuffs of Pleistocene Lake Tecopa, Inyo County, California: U. S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 597, 1–38.Google Scholar
  13. Sheppard, R. A. and Gude 3rd, A. J. (1969) Diagenesis of tuffs in the Barstow Formation, Mud Hills, San Bernardino County, California: U. S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 634, 1–34.Google Scholar
  14. Sheppard, R. A., and Gude 3rd, A. J. (1973) Zeolites and associated authigenic silicate minerals in tuffaceous rocks of the Big Sandy Formation, Mohame County, Arizona: U. S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 830, 1–36.Google Scholar
  15. Sudo, T. and Matsuoka, M. (1959) Artificial crystallization of volcanic glass to sodalite and a zeolite structure: Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 17, 1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tomita, K. (1970) Syntheses montmorillonite and vermiculite-like minerals from sericite and pyrophyllite: Jour. Japan. Assoc. Min. Pet. Econ. Geol. 63, 109–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tomita, K. and Onishi, K. (1976) Clay minerals in the Shirasu “especially from the viewpoint of the collapse foreknowledge of the Shirasu cliff”: Jour. Clay Sci. Soc. Japan 16, 56–62 (in Japanese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  18. Tomita, K., Yamashita, H., and Oba, N. (1969) Artificial crystallization of volcanic glass to sodium and potassium form of chabazite at room pressure: Jour. Japa. Assoc. Min. Pet. Econ. Geol. 62, 80–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. von Sedleckij, J. (1937) Genesis der minerals von bodenkolloiden der montmorillonit gruppe: Comptes Rendus (doklady) de I’Academie des Sciences de I’URSS XVII, No. 7, 375–377.Google Scholar
  20. Yoder, H. S. (1952) The MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O system and related metamorphic fades: Am. J. Sci. 250, 569–627.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Clay Minerals Society 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katsutoshi Tomita
    • 1
  • Hisanori Yamane
    • 2
  • Motoharu Kawano
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Earth Sciences, Faculty of ScienceKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan
  2. 2.Institute for Materials ResearchTohoku UniversitySendai-shiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology, Faculty of AgricultureKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations