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Clays and Clay Minerals

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 235–238 | Cite as

Solvation Methods for Expandable Layers

  • Bruce E. Novich
  • R. Torrence Martin
Note

Key Words

Ethylene glycol Expansion Glycerol Smectite Solvation 

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References

  1. Brindley, G. W. and Brown, G., eds. (1980) Crystal Structures of Clay Minerals and their X-ray Identification: Mineralogical Society, London, 495 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Číčel, B. and Machajdík, D. (1981) Potassium- and ammonium-treated montmorillonites. I. Interstratified structures with ethylene glycol and water: Clays & Clay Minerals 29, 40–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kunze, G. W. (1955) Anomalies in the ethylene glycol solvation technique used in X-ray diffraction: in Clays and Clay Minerals, Proc. 3rd. Natl. Conf., Houston, 1954, W. O. Milligan, ed., Natl. Acad. Sci. Natl. Res. Counc. Publ. 395, Washington, D.C., 88–93.Google Scholar
  4. MacEwan, D. M. C. and Wilson, M. J. (1980) Interlayer and intercalation complexes of clay minerals: in Crystal Structures of Clay Minerals and Their X-ray Identification, G. W. Brindley and G. Brown, eds. Mineralogical Society, London, 197–348.Google Scholar
  5. Roberson, H. E., Weir, A. H., and Woods, R. D. (1968) Morphology of particles in size-fractionated Na-montmorillonites: Clays & Clay Minerals 16, 239–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Środoń, Ja. (1980) Precise identification of illite smectite interstratifications by X-ray powder diffraction: Clays & Clay Minerals 28, 401–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Tettenhorst, R. and Roberson, H. E. (1973) X-ray diffraction aspects of montmorillonites: Amer. Mineral 58, 73–80.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Clay Minerals Society 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce E. Novich
    • 1
  • R. Torrence Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.Constructed Facilities Division Department of Civil EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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