Clays and Clay Minerals

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 223–229 | Cite as

Hydration State of Cu2+ in Mixed Cu2+-Hexadecylpyridiniummontmorillonite by Electron Spin Resonance

  • K. Dyrek
  • Z. Kłapyta
  • Z. Sojka


Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of Cu2+-hexadecylpyridinium (HDP) montmorillonites were investigated as a function of HDP+ content and the hydration state of Cu2+ at relative humidities of p/p0 = 0.52-8 × 10-7 at 298°K. The symmetry of the Cu2+ ESR spectra and the intensity of the ESR signal increased upon dehydration of the complex. The HDP+ cation caused an increase in the hydration state of Cu2+ at a given p/p0 and an increase in the covalency of the Cu-O bond.

Key Words

Cation exchange Copper Electron spin resonance Hexadecylpyridinium Hydration Mont-morillonite 


Спектры Си2+-гексадецилпиридиновых (ГДП) монтмориллонитов, полученные методом электронного спинового резонанса (ЭСР), исследовались как функции содержания ГДП+ и состояния гидратации Cu2+ при относительной влажности р/р0 = 0,52-8 х 10-7 и при температуре 298°К. Симметрия ЭСР лектров Cu2+ и интенсивность ЭСР сигнала увеличивались с дегидратацией комплекса. Катион ГДП+ вызывал увеличение состояния гидратации Cu2+ при данной величине р/р0 и увеличение ковалентности связи Cu-O. [E.G.]


Die Elektronenspinresonanz (ESR)-Spektren von Cu2+-hexadecylpyridinium (HDP)-Montmorillo-niten wurden in Abhängigkeit vom HDP+-Gehalt und dem Hydratationszustand des Cu2+ bei relativen Feuchtigkeiten von p/p0 = 0,52-8 × 10-7 und einer Temperatur von 298°K untersucht. Die Symmetrie der ESR-Spektren von Cu2+ und die Intensität des ESR-Signals nahm mit der Dehydration des Komplexes zu. Das HDP+-Kation verursachte eine Zunahme des Hydratationszustandes von Cu2+ bei gegebenem p/p0 und eine Zunahme bei der Kovalenz der Cu-O-Bindung. [U.W.]


Les spectres de résonance à spin d’électrons (ESR) de montmorillonites hexadécylpyridinium-Cu2+ (HDP) ont été investigués en fonction du contenu en HDP+ et de l’état d’hydration de Cu2+ à des humidités relatives de p/p0 = 0,52-8 × 10-7 à 298°K. La Symmétrie des spectres ESR du Cu2+ et l’intensité du signal ESR ont augmenté lors de la déshydration du complex. Le cation HDP+ a causé une augmentation de l’état d’hydration du Cu2+ à un p/p0 donné et une augmentation de la covalence du lien Cu-O. [D. J.]


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Copyright information

© The Clay Minerals Society 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Dyrek
    • 1
  • Z. Kłapyta
    • 2
  • Z. Sojka
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ChemistryJagjellonian UniversityCracowPoland
  2. 2.Institute of Geology and Mineral DepositsAcademy of Mining and MetallurgyCracowPoland

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