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Evaluation of Surgical Disparities Between African American and European American Women Treated for Breast Cancer Within an Equal-Access Military Hospital

  • Leann A. Lovejoy
  • Yvonne L. Eaglehouse
  • Matthew T. Hueman
  • Bradley J. Mostoller
  • Craig D. Shriver
  • Rachel E. EllsworthEmail author
Health Services Research and Global Oncology
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Survival disparities between African American women (AAW) and European American women (EAW) with invasive breast cancer may be attributable, in part, to access to or quality of medical care. In this study, we evaluated surgical disparities between AAW and EAW treated within an equal-access military treatment facility (MTF).

Methods

All AAW (N = 271) and EAW (N = 628) with Stage I–III breast cancer who had their initial diagnosis performed at Murtha Cancer Center at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center were identified. Differences in surgical interval (time between diagnosis and definitive breast surgery) and surgical procedures were evaluated using χ2 and Student t-tests while survival was analyzed using Kaplan–Meier survival estimates and log-rank tests. A P value < 0.05 was used to define significance.

Results

Surgical intervals did not differ significantly between populations with an average of 36.3 days in AAW and 33.9 days in EAW. Frequency of the percentage of women undergoing reexcision, mastectomy, and prophylactic removal of the contralateral breast did not differ significantly between populations. Likewise, frequency of sentinel lymph node biopsy and 5-year survival were not significantly different between AAW compared to EAW.

Discussion

Surgical intervals and procedures were similar between AAW and EAW treated within an equal-access MTF. These data demonstrate that the availability of quality surgical care to all patients with stage I–III breast cancer may eliminate survival disparities between AAW and EAW, emphasizing the importance of equalizing access to breast care.

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors thank Dr. Darrell Ellsworth for his critical review of this manuscript. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views, opinions or policies of Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS), The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Inc., the Department of Defense (DoD), the Departments of the Army, Navy, or Air Force. Mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Funding

This research was supported by a cooperative agreement from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences HU0001-16-2-0004 through the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Inc.

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Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leann A. Lovejoy
    • 1
  • Yvonne L. Eaglehouse
    • 2
  • Matthew T. Hueman
    • 3
  • Bradley J. Mostoller
    • 1
  • Craig D. Shriver
    • 3
  • Rachel E. Ellsworth
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Chan Soon-Shiong Institute of Molecular MedicineWindberUSA
  2. 2.Clinical Breast Care Project, Murtha Cancer Center Research ProgramUniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, and Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military MedicineBethesdaUSA
  3. 3.Clinical Breast Care Project, Murtha Cancer Center Research ProgramUniformed Services University and Walter Reed National Military Medical CenterBethesdaUSA
  4. 4.Clinical Breast Care ProjectMurtha Cancer Center Research Program, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, and Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military MedicineWindberUSA

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