Global Variations in the Level of Cancer-Related Research Activity and Correlation to Cancer-Specific Mortality: Proposal for a Global Curriculum

  • C. Are
  • A. Caniglia
  • Malik Mohammed
  • L. Smith
  • Charmaine Cummings
  • Carine Lecoq
  • R. Berman
  • R. Audisio
  • L. Wyld
Health Services Research and Global Oncology
  • 38 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of this study was to analyze global variations in the level of cancer-related research activity and correlate this with cancer-specific mortality.

Methods

The SCOPUS database was explored to obtain data relating to the number of cancer-related publications per country. Cancer-specific mortality rates were obtained from the World Health Organization. Global variations in the level of scholarly activity were analyzed and correlated with variations in cancer-specific mortality.

Results

Data for 142 countries were obtained and significant variations in the level of research activity was noted. The level of research activity increased with rising socio-economic status. The United States was the most prolific country with 222,300 publications followed by Japan and Germany. Several countries in different regions of the world had a low level of research activity. An inverse relationship between the level of research activity and cancer-specific mortality was noted. This relationship persisted even in countries with a low level of research activity. The socioeconomic status of a nation and geographic location (continent) had a mixed influence with an overall apparent correlation with cancer-related research activity.

Conclusion

This study demonstrates significant global variation in the level of cancer-related research activity and a correlation with cancer-specific mortality. The presence of a minimum set of standards for research literacy, as proposed by the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the Society of Surgical Oncology may contribute to enhanced research activity and improve outcomes for cancer patients worldwide.

Notes

Disclosure

The authors have no conflicts to disclose.

References

  1. 1.
    GLOBOCAN 2012: Estimated Cancer Incidence, Mortality and Prevalence Worldwide in 2012. http://globocan.iarc.fr/Pages/fact_sheets_cancer.aspx accessed Jan 24, 2017
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    Purushotham AD, G, Sullivan R. The state of research and development in global cancer surgery. Ann Surg. 2012;255:427–432CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Micheli A, Di Salvo F, Lombardo C, et al. Cancer research performance in the European Union: a study of published output from 2000 to 2008Google Scholar
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
    Scopus Document Search. https://www-scopus-com.library1.unmc.edu/home.uri. Accessed 29 Nov 2016
  7. 7.
    Global Health Observatory data repository: Cancer, deaths per 100000 Data by Country. http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A864. Accessed 29 Nov 2016
  8. 8.
    Spearman’s correlation. http://www.statstutor.ac.uk/resources/uploaded/spearmans.pdf. Accessed 18 Feb 2017
  9. 9.
    New World Encyclopedia: List of countries by continent. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/List_of_countries_by_continent Accessed 20 Dec 2016
  10. 10.
    World Health Organization: About WHO. http://www.who.int/about/regions/en/ Accessed 26 Jan 2017
  11. 11.
    United Nations Development Programme: Human Development Reports. http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/HDI Accessed 1 Dec 2016
  12. 12.
    Human Development Index (HDI). http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-index-hdi Accessed 25 Jan 2017
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    World Health Organization International Agency for Research on Cancer: The GLOBOCAN Project. http://globocan.iarc.fr/Default.aspx Accessed 11 Feb 2017
  15. 15.
    National Cancer Control Program 2007-2017 Mongolia. http://www.iccp-portal.org/sites/default/files/plans/NCCP%20Mongolia%202007-2017.pdf Accessed 11 Feb 2017

Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology and the European Society of Surgical Oncology. Published by Springer Nature. All rights reserved. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Are
    • 1
  • A. Caniglia
    • 2
  • Malik Mohammed
    • 2
  • L. Smith
    • 3
  • Charmaine Cummings
    • 4
  • Carine Lecoq
    • 5
  • R. Berman
    • 6
  • R. Audisio
    • 7
  • L. Wyld
    • 8
  1. 1.Division of Surgical Oncology, Surgical Oncology & Global Health, Graduate Medical Education (DIO), Department of SurgeryUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  2. 2.University of Nebraska Medical Center College of MedicineOmahaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biostatistics, College of Public HealthUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  4. 4.Society of Surgical OncologyRosemontUSA
  5. 5.European Society of Surgical OncologyBrusselsBelgium
  6. 6.Surgical Education and Faculty Development, Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of SurgeryNew York University School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  7. 7.University of LiverpoolSt Helens Teaching HospitalSt HelensUnited Kingdom
  8. 8.Education and Training Committee of European Society of Surgical Oncology, British Association of Surgical OncologyUniversity of Sheffield, Jasmine CentreDoncaster Royal InfirmaryUnited Kingdom

Personalised recommendations