Annals of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 1769–1781 | Cite as

Variations in Training of Surgical Oncologists: Proposal for a Global Curriculum

  • C. Are
  • A. Caniglia
  • M. Malik
  • C. Cummings
  • C. Lecoq
  • R. Berman
  • R. Audisio
  • L. Wyld
Healthcare Policy and Outcomes

Abstract

Background

The global cancer burden is predicted to rise significantly over the next few decades. While there are several barriers to providing optimal cancer care on the global stage, some are related to the absence of an adequately trained workforce. This could be attributed in part to the significant global variations in the training of surgical oncology professionals. There are currently no published data mapping the training pathways for surgical oncologists for all countries in the world. The aims of this descriptive article are to report on the training paradigms in surgical oncology for all countries in the world, and to correlate the influence of economic standing on these training paradigms.

Materials and methods

The training paradigms for all countries in the world were analyzed and categorized on the basis of the six World Health Organization geographic regions and economic standing stratified by the Human Development Index.

Results

Data on the training paradigms were obtained for 174 countries from a total of 211 (82 %). We noted extremely significant and concerning variations in the length, availability and structure of training paradigms depending on the geographic region and economic standing.

Conclusions

The results of our study demonstrated significant global variations in the training paradigms of surgical oncologists. These variations call for a global curriculum which has been developed by the Society of Surgical Oncology and the European Society of Surgical Oncology. It is hoped that this curriculum will serve a role in streamlining education to tackle the rising global cancer burden.

© 2016 Society of Surgical Oncology and the European Society of Surgical Oncology. Published by SpringerNature. All rights reserved.

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Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology and the European Society of Surgical Oncology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Are
    • 1
  • A. Caniglia
    • 2
  • M. Malik
    • 2
  • C. Cummings
    • 3
  • C. Lecoq
    • 4
  • R. Berman
    • 5
  • R. Audisio
    • 6
  • L. Wyld
    • 7
  1. 1.Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  2. 2.University of Nebraska Medical Center College of MedicineOmahaUSA
  3. 3.Society of Surgical OncologyRosemontUSA
  4. 4.European Society of Surgical OncologyBrusselsBelgium
  5. 5.Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of SurgeryNew York University School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  6. 6.St Helens Teaching HospitalUniversity of LiverpoolSt HelensUK
  7. 7.University of SheffieldDoncasterUK

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