Annals of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 21, Issue 9, pp 2873–2881 | Cite as

The Impact of Postoperative Complications on the Administration of Adjuvant Therapy Following Pancreaticoduodenectomy for Adenocarcinoma

  • Wenchuan Wu
  • Jin He
  • John L. Cameron
  • Martin Makary
  • Kevin Soares
  • Nita Ahuja
  • Neda Rezaee
  • Joseph Herman
  • Lei Zheng
  • Daniel Laheru
  • Michael A. Choti
  • Ralph H. Hruban
  • Timothy M. Pawlik
  • Christopher L. Wolfgang
  • Matthew J. WeissEmail author
Pancreatic Tumors



The impact of postoperative complications on the administration of adjuvant therapy following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for adenocarcinoma is still unclear.


A retrospective review of all patients undergoing PD at our institution between 1995 and 2011 was performed. Clinicopathological data, including Clavien–Dindo complication grade, time to adjuvant therapy (TTA), and survival, were analyzed.


A total of 1,144 patients underwent PD for adenocarcinoma between 1995 and 2011. The overall complication rate was 49.1 % and clinically severe complications (≥IIIb) occurred in 4.2 %. Overall, 621 patients (54.3 %) were known to have received adjuvant therapy. The median TTA was 60 days. Although the presence of a complication was associated with a delay in TTA (p = 0.002), the grade of complication was not (p = 0.112). On multivariate analysis, only age > 68 years (p < 0.001) and length of stay >9 days (p = 0.002) correlated with no adjuvant therapy. Patients with postoperative complications were more likely to receive single adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy (31.4 %) than were patients without complications (17.1 %; p < 0.001). Patients without a complication had a longer median survival compared with patients who experienced complications (19.5 vs. 16.1 months; p = 0.001). Patients without complications who received adjuvant therapy had longer median survival than patients with complications who received no adjuvant therapy (22.5 vs. 10.7 months; p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that complications [hazard ratio (HR) 1.16; p = 0.023] and adjuvant therapy (HR 0.67; p < 0.001) were related to survival.


Complications and no adjuvant therapy are common following PD for adenocarcinoma. Postoperative complications delay TTA and reduce the likelihood of multimodality adjuvant therapy. Identifying patients at increased risk for complications and those unlikely to receive adjuvant therapy warrants further investigation as they may benefit from a neoadjuvant approach.


Overall Survival Pancreatic Cancer Postoperative Complication Adjuvant Therapy Median Overall Survival 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Supported by NCI grant P30 CA006973 and the Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center.


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Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenchuan Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jin He
    • 2
  • John L. Cameron
    • 2
  • Martin Makary
    • 2
  • Kevin Soares
    • 2
  • Nita Ahuja
    • 2
  • Neda Rezaee
    • 2
  • Joseph Herman
    • 2
  • Lei Zheng
    • 2
  • Daniel Laheru
    • 2
  • Michael A. Choti
    • 2
  • Ralph H. Hruban
    • 2
  • Timothy M. Pawlik
    • 2
  • Christopher L. Wolfgang
    • 2
  • Matthew J. Weiss
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of General Surgery, Zhongshan HospitalFudan UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Departments of Surgery, Medical Oncology and Radiation Oncology, The Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research CenterThe Johns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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