OSNA-Based Novel Molecular Testing for Lymph Node Metastases in Colorectal Cancer Patients: Results from a Multicenter Clinical Performance Study in Japan
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Lymph node (LN) metastasis in colorectal cancer (CRC) is a critical factor in making accurate prognoses and therapeutic decisions. This study evaluated the clinical performance of the one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay in accurately diagnosing LN metastases in CRC patients through the specific detection of cytokeratin 19 mRNA levels in LNs.
The OSNA assay was performed on 121 LNs dissected from early-stage CRC patients (pStage 0 or I) or from patients with benign colorectal disease (study 1). Separately, 385 LNs were dissected from 85 CRC patients (any stage); the OSNA assay was performed on half of each LN, and the results were compared with histopathological examination in 2-mm intervals of the other LN half (study 2).
In study 1, all 121 histopathologically negative LNs were also negative by the OSNA assay (concordance rate for metastasis negative: 1.0, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 0.976–1.0). In study 2, the concordance rate between the OSNA assay and the 2-mm-interval histopathological examination was 0.971 (95% CI: 0.950–0.984), with a sensitivity of 0.952 (95% CI: 0.881–0.987) and a specificity of 0.977 (95% CI: 0.953–0.991).
The OSNA assay provided a judgment performance equivalent to a 2-mm-interval histopathological examination, a more detailed assay than the common pathological examination. Therefore, the OSNA assay is considered a new molecular examination method for the diagnosis of LN metastases in CRC patients in clinical settings.
KeywordsHistopathological Examination CK19 mRNA Detect Lymph Node Metastasis Lymph Node Block OSNA Assay
We thank the staff of the clinical and pathologic laboratories at the participating institutes and the Sysmex Corporation (Reiko Watanabe, Hayato Niiro) for technical support. Grant support: Sysmex Corporation. Note: Sysmex Corporation contributed to providing the RD-100i system, funding of laboratory consumables for the OSNA assay, sample collection, and data analysis, but had no role in data interpretation or writing of this report.