Complete surgical removal of biliary tract cancer (BTC) offers the only chance of cure; however, long-term survival remains very limited because of frequent recurrence after surgery. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether the preoperative serum carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 level could predict recurrence after curative resection of BTC.
We performed a retrospective review of the medical records of patients who were diagnosed with BTC and underwent curative resection. The optimal cutoff value for the preoperative serum level of CA 19-9 that predicted recurrence was determined by a ROC curve. Preoperative and postoperative risk factors for recurrence were evaluated using log-rank test.
A total of 101 patients were eligible for this study. The optimal cutoff value of preoperative serum CA 19-9 level to predict recurrence was 55 U/mL. Forty-five patients (44.6%) experienced recurrence after curative resection with a median follow-up period of 28.4 months. Recurrence occurred in 33 (61.1%) of 54 patients with CA 19-9 levels ≥55 U/mL compared with only 12 (25.5%) of 47 patients with CA 19-9 levels <55 U/mL. The recurrence rate was significantly higher in patients with baseline CA 19-9 serum levels ≥55 U/mL (hazard ratio, 3.282; 95% confidence interval, 1.684–6.395; P < 0.001).
Elevated preoperative serum CA 19-9 was associated with a high risk of recurrence after curative resection of BTC. Different treatment plans might be needed for patients with BTC and high serum levels of CA 19-9.
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Chung, M.J., Lee, K.J., Bang, S. et al. Preoperative Serum CA 19-9 Level as a Predictive Factor for Recurrence after Curative Resection in Biliary Tract Cancer. Ann Surg Oncol 18, 1651–1656 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1245/s10434-010-1529-7