Genetic Variant of Notch Regulator DTX1 Predicts Survival After Lung Cancer Surgery
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We evaluated the association between genetic variants in the Notch pathway and survival outcomes of patients with surgically resected NSCLC.
Sixty-four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Notch pathway genes were evaluated in the discovery study (n = 354) and two sequential validation studies (n = 772 and n = 746, respectively). The association of genotype with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was evaluated.
Of the 64 SNPs analyzed in the discovery study, 9 were significantly associated with OS or DFS. Among them, the association remained significant only for Deltex-1 (DTX1) rs1732786A>G in the first validation study. The second validation study confirmed again the association between DTX1 rs1732786A>G and survival outcomes. In the combined analysis, rs1732786A>G was significantly associated with better OS and DFS (adjusted HR ·aHR· for OS, 0.75; 95% CI 0.64–0.87; P = 0.0002; aHR for DFS, 0.79; 95% CI 0.71–0.89; P = 0.0001). In vitro luciferase assay showed that the rs1732786G allele was associated with higher promoter activity compared to rs1732786A allele. Consistently, relative mRNA expression level of DTX1 showed significant positive correlation with rs1732786 A-to-G change (Ptrend = 0.02) in tumor tissues.
These results suggest that DTX1 rs1732786 is a potential prognostic factor that may have clinical utility in the management of early stage NSCLC.
This work has supported in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea Government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2018R1A2B2003038), in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea Government (2014R1A5A2009242). The biospecimens and data used for this study were provided by National Biobank of Korea-Kyungpook National University Hospital (KNUH), a member of the KoreaBiobank Network-KNUH were obtained (with informed consent) under institutional review board (IRB)-approved protocols.
The authors declare no conflict of interests.