FBXO50 Enhances the Malignant Behavior of Gastric Cancer Cells
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Challenges to our understanding the molecular mechanisms of the progression of gastric cancer (GC) must be overcome to facilitate the identification of novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets. In this article, we analyzed the expression of the gene encoding F-box-only 50 (FBXO50) and determined whether it contributes to the malignant phenotype of GC.
FBXO50 messenger RNA (mRNA) levels and copy numbers of the FBXO50 locus were determined in 10 GC cell lines and a nontumorigenic epithelial cell line. Polymerase chain reaction array analysis was performed to identify genes coordinately expressed with FBXO50. The effects of inhibiting FBXO50 on GC cell proliferation, adhesion, invasiveness, and migration were evaluated using a small interfering RNA targeted to FBXO50 mRNA. To evaluate the clinical significance of FBXO50 expression, we determined the levels of FBXO50 mRNA in tissues acquired from 200 patients with GC.
The levels of FBXO50 mRNA were increased in five GC cell lines and positively correlated with those of ITGA5, ITGB1, MMP2, MSN, COL5A2, GNG11, and WNT5A. Copy number gain of the FBXO50 locus was detected in four GC cell lines. Inhibition of FBXO50 expression significantly decreased the proliferation, adhesion, migration, and invasiveness of GC cell lines. In clinical samples, high FBXO50 expression correlated with increased pT4, invasive growth, lymph node metastasis, and positive peritoneal lavage cytology. Patients with high FBXO50 expression had a significantly higher prevalence of recurrence after curative gastrectomy and were more likely to experience shorter overall survival.
FBXO50 may represent a biomarker for GC phenotypes and as a target for therapy.
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