Curative Surgical Resection as a Component of Multimodality Therapy for Peritoneal Metastases from Goblet Cell Carcinoids
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The impact of histopathologic features on oncologic outcomes for patients with peritoneal metastases from goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) undergoing multimodality therapy, including cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemoperfusion (CRS-HIPEC), is unknown.
This study prospectively analyzed 43 patients with GCC undergoing CRS-HIPEC between 2005 and 2013. Pathology slides were re-reviewed to classify GCC into histologic subtypes according to the Tang classification. Kaplan–Meier survival curves and multivariate Cox-regression models identified prognostic factors affecting oncologic outcomes.
The 43 patients in this study underwent 50 CRS-HIPEC procedures for peritoneal metastases from GCC, and the majority received neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant systemic chemotherapy. The GCC demonstrated an aggressive phenotype with frequent lymph node and peritoneal metastases without systemic dissemination. The majority of the patients had Tang B GCC. The estimated median overall survival times after surgery for the patients with Tang A, B, and C GCC were respectively 59, 22, and 13 months. In a multivariate Cox-regression analysis, poor survival was associated with patients who had Tang B or C GCC, those undergoing incomplete macroscopic resection, and those with symptoms at the time of CRS-HIPEC. The patients with Tang A GCC demonstrated oncologic outcomes similar to those with intermediate-grade (American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] grade 2) disseminated mucinous appendiceal neoplasms, whereas the patients with Tang B and C GCC demonstrated survival rates similar to or worse than those with high-grade (AJCC grade 3) disseminated mucinous appendiceal neoplasms.
Tang classification is an independent prognostic factor for poor survival after multimodality therapy for GCC. Patients with Tang C GCC demonstrate limited survival and are not ideal candidates for a surgical approach.
KeywordsOncologic Outcome Peritoneal Metastasis Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Peritoneal Cancer Index Early Postoperative Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy
This work was partially funded by generous support from Valarie Koch and the New Era Cap Company.
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