Verification of WFA-Sialylated MUC1 as a Sensitive Biliary Biomarker for Human Biliary Tract Cancer
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The diagnostic accuracy of biliary cytology is limited. A novel sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay that combined Wisteria floribunda agglutinin (WFA) and anti-sialylated mucin 1 (MUC1) monoclonal antibody to target bile samples was recently developed. This study was designed to verify the diagnostic accuracy of WFA-sialylated MUC1 as a sensitive biliary biomarker for human biliary tract cancer.
Bile samples from 27 patients with benign disease and 174 patients with biliary tract cancer were analyzed. A receiver-operated characteristic curve analysis for biliary WFA-sialylated MUC1 and serum CA19-9 levels was performed to determine the cutoff value for the prediction of the presence of biliary tract cancer.
Biliary WFA-sialylated MUC1 levels were significantly higher in the biliary tract cancer group compared with the benign group (P < 0.001). The cutoff value of WFA-sialylated MUC1 for discriminating biliary tract cancer was 10.5. The sensitivity of WFA-sialylated MUC1 in discriminating biliary tract cancer was much higher (82.2 %) than that of cytology (23.6 %) when this cutoff value was used. The cutoff value of serum CA19-9 for discriminating biliary tract cancer was 38 IU/L in the same cohort. All patients with biliary WFA-sialylated MUC1 and serum CA19-9 above the cutoff values had biliary tract cancer, and no patient with benign disease was categorized in this group.
Biliary WFA-sialylated MUC1 is a useful biomarker for the differentiation of biliary tract cancer. The sensitivity of WFA-sialylated MUC1 was clearly higher than that of biliary cytology. Further data collection is necessary to validate the clinical usefulness of this biomarker.
KeywordsBenign Disease Biliary Stricture Extrahepatic Bile Duct Biliary Tract Cancer Bile Duct Cancer
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