Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 1 Expression Predicts Chemoresistance and Poor Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer Treated with Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Prior to Radical Hysterectomy
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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is an important treatment strategy for cervical cancer; however, few predictive markers of the response to NAC exist. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1), a cancer stem cell marker, is associated with chemoresistance in a variety of cancers. This study attempted to investigate the value of ALDH1 as a predictive marker of chemosensitivity and its prognostic value in cervical cancer patients treated with NAC.
Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate ALDH1 expression in matched pre- and post-NAC tumor samples from 52 patients with cervical cancer. Kaplan–Meier analysis and a Cox proportional hazards regression model were applied to determine overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS).
Fourteen patients (26.9 %) had ALDH1-positive tumors pre-NAC, and ALDH1 expression pre-NAC was significantly associated with a low clinical chemotherapy response rate and clinical non-response. Twenty-two patients (42.3 %) had ALDH1-positive tumors post-NAC, and ALDH1 expression post-NAC was associated with poor DFS and OS (both p = 0.004). Multivariate analysis revealed that ALDH1 expression post-NAC was an independent prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio 3.513; p = 0.033). Moreover, we observed that ALDH1 expression was increased after NAC in 18 patients (36.7 %). Increased levels of ALDH1 expression after NAC predicted poor DFS and OS (p = 0.013 and p = 0.08, respectively).
Our findings suggest that ALDH1 expression pre-NAC may be a predictive marker for response to NAC, and ALDH1 expression post-NAC could be a prognostic marker for cervical cancer.
KeywordsOverall Survival Cervical Cancer Advanced Cervical Cancer ALDH1 Expression Parametrial Invasion
The authors would like to thank Dr. Bo Wang for his technical support. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30672221, 30872743).
Conflict of interest
Qingsheng Xie, Jinxiao Liang, Qunxian Rao, Xiaofei Xie, Ruixin Li, Yunyun Liu, Hui Zhou, Jingjing Han, Tingting Yao, and Zhongqiu Lin declare that they have no actual or potential competing financial interests.
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