Surgical Management of Cricotracheal Invasion by Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
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In general, patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) have an excellent postoperative prognosis. Those with cricoid and/or tracheal PTC invasion, however, are at a higher risk of postoperative morbidity and airway insufficiency.
We investigated postoperative airway outcomes, locoregional recurrence, and survival rates in patients with PTC who underwent cricotracheal resection. The records of PTC patients who underwent surgery at our institution between 1981 and 2009 were reviewed retrospectively, and 110 patients with cricotracheal invasion were enrolled. Curative resection was performed in all patients, and cricotracheal function was preserved or reconstructed when possible.
Of the 110 patients, 57 and 53 patients had superficial and intraluminal invasion of the larynx, respectively. After the initial surgery, the 10-year disease-specific survival rates were 90.8 and 44.4 % in patients with superficial and intraluminal invasion of the cricotracheal area, respectively. Only six patients (5.5 %) had an isolated upper aerodigestive tract recurrence. Five patients were managed with an additional window resection as salvage surgery. Consequently, only one patient (0.9 %) underwent total laryngectomy. Altogether, 31 patients (28.0 %) had a permanent stoma, 9 and 15 of which were caused by cricotracheal invasion and invasion of other aerodigestive structures, respectively.
Window resection for intraluminal cricotracheal invasion by PTC produced good surgical outcomes that resulted in a low local recurrence rate and survival rates that resembled those associated with other surgical treatments. Treatment of multiple organ invasion of the aerodigestive tract was necessary to improve postoperative functional outcomes in these patients.
KeywordsPapillary Thyroid Carcinoma Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Aerodigestive Tract Total Laryngectomy Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Patient