Quality of Life After Robotic Thyroidectomy by a Gasless Unilateral Axillary Approach
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Robotic thyroidectomies have been safely performed with early surgical outcomes comparable to conventional cervical thyroidectomies. However, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after robotic thyroidectomy has not yet been evaluated. The aim of this study was to compare HRQOL of patients who underwent robotic thyroidectomy with that of those who received conventional thyroidectomy.
We conducted a cross-sectional study in 111 patients who underwent either robotic thyroidectomy (44 patients) via a gasless unilateral axillary approach, or conventional cervical thyroidectomy (67 patients), for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). HRQOL of patients was assessed using two questionnaires, the University of Washington Quality of Life (UW-QOL) questionnaire for patients with head and neck cancer, and the Quality of Life-Thyroid Version (QOL-TV), which was specifically designed for thyroid cancer patients. The survey using the questionnaires was performed 1 year after surgery at a routine outpatient clinic follow-up.
There was no difference in UW-QOL scores between the two groups for any factor other than neck appearance and physical composite score, which were higher in the robotic group. Humor (mood) and anxiety, emotional measures of UW-QOL, were selected by patients in both groups as being their most significant issue during the preceding 7 days. There was no between-group difference in the four QOL-TV domains (physical, psychological, social, and spiritual well-being).
Patients who underwent robotic thyroidectomy reported a higher score for satisfaction with neck appearance compared to patients receiving conventional cervical thyroidectomy. However, the overall HRQOL of patients in the robotic and conventional groups was similar.
KeywordsPapillary Thyroid Carcinoma Differentiate Thyroid Carcinoma Conventional Group Robotic Group Central Neck Dissection
Chang Myeon Song, Yong Bae Ji, Hyang Sook Bang, Chul Won Park, Dong Sun Kim, and Kyung Tae have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.
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