Computed Tomography (CT) Venography Using a Multidetector CT Prior to the Percutaneous External Jugular Vein Approach for an Implantable Venous-Access Port
Background and Purpose
The objective of this study was to determine the success rate and complications of using the percutaneous approach of the external jugular vein (EJV) for placement of a totally implantable venous-access port (TIVAP) with a preoperative estimate of the detailed anatomical orientation of the cervical venous plexus using computed tomography venography (CT-V).
A prospective cohort study of 45 patients in whom placement of a TIVAP was attempted via the right EJV was conducted. The preoperative anatomical estimation of the cervical venous plexus was performed with CT-V using a Multidetector Helical 16-section CT. The angulation between the right EJV and the right subclavian vein, anterior jugular vein, transverse cervical vein, and suprascapular vein was estimated.
CT-V success was achieved in 45 of 45 patients (100 %). A plexus of veins under the clavicle was most commonly responsible for the insertion of the central venous catheter. The EJV approach resulted in a successful cannulation rate of 93 %. No initial complications of pneumothorax or carotid artery puncture occurred during insertion procedures. Late complications occurred in three patients. These included one port erosion (2 %), one catheter occlusion (2 %), and one wound hematoma (2 %). Catheter-related infections were observed in one patient (2 %).
The percutaneous EJV approach with CT-V guidance is an optional method for patients with multiple central venous cannulations, those in hemodialysis, or those with long catheter indwelling periods.
KeywordsInternal Jugular Vein External Jugular Vein Central Venous Access Compute Tomography Venography Successful Cannulation Rate
Conflict of interest
None of authors have identified any conflicts of interest.
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