Presentation, Management, and Outcomes of Hyperparathyroidism in Octogenarians and Nonagenarians
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Various elective surgical procedures are routinely performed on patients ≥80 years of age. With primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), surgical management is the only treatment. The goal of this study was to compare presentation and outcome of patients ≥80 to that of those <80 years of age.
Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of all parathyroidectomies for PHPT performed at a university hospital. Patients ≥80 years at the time of surgery compared with patients <80 years.
Over 13 years, 1,826 patients underwent parathyroidectomy for PHPT. A total of 154 patients were ≥80 years at the time of surgery (8.4 %), ranging from 80 to 91 years. Patients ≥80 years had higher serum PTH, creatinine and vitamin D levels and lower T scores. Calcium levels were similar. Patients ≥80 years had a greater history of hypertension, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and stroke. Psychiatric disease was less common. Patients ≥80 years had the procedure under local anesthesia only more often. Use of a unilateral approach was equivalent. Rates of adenoma, double adenoma, and hyperplasia were comparable. Patients ≥80 years were observed overnight more frequently. Stays >24 h and disease recurrence and persistence, as well as morbidity rates, were all equivalent.
Disease presentation of PHPT in patients ≥80 is similar to <80. Despite increased comorbidities, parathyroidectomy is a safe procedure in this patient population with a noted equivalent complication rate to younger patients. Operative management remains the only treatment. Patient age should not be a deterrent to offer curative surgical intervention.
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