Thoracoscopic Esophagectomy in Prone Position
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Esophagectomy can be performed by different minimal invasive techniques. We report a technique of Ivor Lewis esophagogastrectomy with manual anastomosis performed by thoracoscopy in prone position. Readers are encouraged to view the streaming video that accompanies this article.
A 51-year-old man was consulted for adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus without lymph nodes invasion. Anesthesia was realized using a double-lumen endotracheal tube. The procedure started with the patient supine, and five abdominal trocars were placed. Celiac lymphadenectomy, wide Kocher maneuver, and pyloroplasty were performed. A wide gastric tube was advanced through the hiatus into the right chest. Subsequently the patient was placed in prone position and three trocars (two 5-mm, one 10-mm) were placed in the 5th, 7th, and 9th right intercostal space. The intrathoracic esophagus was dissected, and mediastinal lymphadenectomy with en bloc resection of the left inferior mediastinal pleura was performed. After sectioning the azygos vein, the esophagus was transected by scissors 1 cm cranially. A completely thoracoscopic manual double-layer anastomosis was performed using running sutures with PDS 2/0 (externally) and Maxon 4/0 (internally). Finally the patient was replaced supine; the gastric tube was fixed to the hiatus, and the specimen was retrieved by suprapubic incision.
Thoracoscopy lasted 157’ (anastomosis 40’), laparoscopy 160’, and second laparoscopy 20’. Blood loss was 170 cc. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 6.
Thoracoscopy in prone position allows the surgeon to perform a thoracoscopic esogastric anastomosis completely manually using only three trocars and without selective lung desufflation.
KeywordsProne Position Gastric Tube Intercostal Space Bloc Resection Streaming Video
Supplementary material 1 (MPG 122801 kb)