Annals of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 1682–1687

Cervical Lymph Node Dissection for Metastatic Testicular Cancer

  • M. G. van Vledder
  • J. A. van der Hage
  • W. J. Kirkels
  • J. W. Oosterhuis
  • C. Verhoef
  • J. H. W. de Wilt
Urologic Oncology

DOI: 10.1245/s10434-010-1036-x

Cite this article as:
van Vledder, M.G., van der Hage, J.A., Kirkels, W.J. et al. Ann Surg Oncol (2010) 17: 1682. doi:10.1245/s10434-010-1036-x

Abstract

Introduction

Despite high response rates to systemic chemotherapy, 30% of patients with advanced stage testicular carcinoma will have extra-retroperitoneal residual masses that require resection. Most often, these are located in the lungs and mediastinum and neck. Limited data are available concerning the incidence, surgical management, and follow-up of neck metastasis arising from a testicular primary tumor.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed all 665 patients who were referred to a tertiary referral center with the diagnosis of testicular cancer from January 1997 to June 2009 for the presence of cervical metastases. Patients who underwent concomitant surgical therapy were identified and analyzed. Clinical and pathological data were collected from patient records, including radiology and pathology reports. Furthermore, data on primary treatment strategy, chemotherapeutic regimens, timing of surgical procedures, complications, disease recurrence, and follow-up were collected.

Results

Twenty-six patients (4%) had cervical lymph node metastasis. The majority (n = 19) had multiple ERP sites. Nine patients (35%) underwent selective neck dissection: in six patients, this was indicated because of residual masses after chemotherapy, and in three patients, cervical masses represented a late and distant relapse of previously treated disease. Viable cancer cells were present in the resected specimen only in these three patients. Seven patients are currently without evidence of disease. Two patients died of disseminated disease.

Conclusions

Cervical lymph node metastases originating from testicular cancer are rare but are more commonly observed in patients with advanced stage disease. Selective neck dissection can be safely performed both after chemotherapy and in the case of recurrent disease.

Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. G. van Vledder
    • 1
  • J. A. van der Hage
    • 2
  • W. J. Kirkels
    • 3
  • J. W. Oosterhuis
    • 4
  • C. Verhoef
    • 1
  • J. H. W. de Wilt
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryErasmus Medical Center, Daniel den Hoed Cancer CenterRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryThe Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek HospitalAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of UrologyErasmus Medical Center, Daniel den Hoed Cancer CenterRotterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of PathologyErasmus Medical Center, Daniel den Hoed Cancer CenterRotterdamThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical OncologyRadboud University Nijmegen Medical CenterNijmegenThe Netherlands

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