Surgery for Recurrent Ovarian Cancer: Role of Peritoneal Carcinomatosis: Exploratory Analysis of the DESKTOP I Trial About Risk Factors, Surgical Implications, and Prognostic Value of Peritoneal Carcinomatosis
Almost all retrospective trials pointed out that a benefit of surgery for recurrent ovarian cancer may be limited to patients in whom a macroscopic complete resection could be achieved. Peritoneal carcinomatosis has been reported to be either a negative predictor for resectability or a negative prognostic factor, or both. The role of peritoneal carcinomatosis in a multicenter trial was investigated.
Exploratory analysis of the DESKTOP I trial (multicenter trial of patients undergoing surgery for recurrent ovarian cancer, 2000 to 2003).
A total of 125 patients (50%) who underwent surgery for recurrent ovarian cancer had peritoneal carcinomatosis. Univariate analyses showed worse overall survival for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis compared with patients without carcinomatosis (P < .0001). Patients with and without peritoneal carcinomatosis had a complete resection rate of 26% and 74%, respectively (P < .0001). This corresponded with the observation that patients with complete resection had a better prognosis than those with minimal residual disease of 1 to 5 mm, which commonly reflects peritoneal carcinomatosis (P = .0002). However, patients who underwent complete resection, despite peritoneal carcinomatosis, had a 2-year survival rate of 77%, which was similar to the 2-year survival rate of patients with completely debulked disease who did not have peritoneal carcinomatosis (81%) (P = .96). Analysis of prognostic factors did not show any independent effect of peritoneal carcinomatosis on survival in patients who underwent complete resection.
Peritoneal carcinomatosis was a negative predictor for complete resection but had no effect on prognosis if complete resection could be achieved. Improving surgical skills might be one step to increase the proportion of patients who might benefit from surgery for recurrent disease.
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