Long-Term Survival in Patients with Pseudomyxoma Peritonei Treated with Cytoreductive Surgery and Perioperative Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy: 10 Years of Experience from a Single Institution
- 324 Downloads
Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (PIC) has been recognized as a treatment option for pseudomyxoma peritonei. This study reports the survival outcomes, clinicopathological prognostic factors, and a learning curve from a single institution’s experience.
Patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei underwent CRS and PIC, which was comprised of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) and/or early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (EPIC), according to a standardized treatment protocol in our institution. Clinicopathological factors were analyzed to determine their prognostic value for survival using univariate and multivariate analysis. Time period comparison was performed to study the effect of a learning curve.
A total of 106 patients (43 men and 63 women) were treated. The mortality rate was 3% and severe morbidity rate was 49%. The median follow-up was 23 (range, 0–140) months. The overall median survival was 104 months with a 5-year survival rate of 75%. The progression-free survival was 40 months with a 1-year progression-free survival rate of 71%. Factors influencing survival include histopathological type of tumor, use of both HIPEC and EPIC, peritoneal cancer index, completeness of cytoreduction, and severe morbidity. The results demonstrate a learning curve where patients with a higher peritoneal cancer index (PCI) were treated, reduced amount of blood products required, more patients undergoing HIPEC and the combined HIPEC and EPIC, more redo-procedures performed, and a longer progression-free survival.
This report demonstrates long-term survival outcomes, acceptable perioperative outcomes, and a learning curve associated with the treatment of patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei.
- 2.Ronnett BM, Zahn CM, Kurman RJ, Kass ME, Sugarbaker PH, Shmookler BM. Disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis and peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis A clinicopathologic analysis of 109 cases with emphasis on distinguishing pathologic features, site of origin, prognosis, and relationship to “pseudomyxoma peritonei.” Am J Surg Pathol. 1995;19:1390–408.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 5.Ronnett BM, Yan H, Kurman RJ, Shmookler BM, Wu L, Sugarbaker PH. Patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei associated with disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis have a significantly more favorable prognosis than patients with peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis. Cancer. 2001;92:85–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 12.Jacquet P, Sugarbaker PH. Current methodologies for clinical assessment of patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 1996;15:49–58.Google Scholar
- 18.de Melo GM, Ribeiros KC, Kowalski LP, Deheinzelin D. Risk factors for postoperative complications in oral cancer and their prognostic implications. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001;127:823–33.Google Scholar
- 22.Nespoli A, Gianotti L, Bovo G, Brivio F, Nespoli L, Totis M. Impact of postoperative infections on survival in colon cancer patients. Surg Infect. 2006;7(Suppl 2):S41–3.Google Scholar
- 28.Semino-Mora C, Liu H, McAvoy T, et al. Pseudomyxoma peritonei: is disease progression related to microbial agents? A study of bacteria, MUC2 AND MUC5AC expression in disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis and peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis. Ann Surg Oncol. 2008;15:1414–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar