Determination of Degradation Kinetics and Effect of Anion Exchange Resin on Dissolution of Novel Anticancer Drug Rigosertib in Acidic Conditions
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Rigosertib is a novel anticancer drug in clinical development by Onconova therapeutics, Inc. Currently, it is in pivotal phase III clinical trials for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Chemically, it is a sodium salt of weak acid with low solubility in lower pH solutions. In the preliminary studies, it was found that rigosertib is unstable in acidic conditions and forms multiple degradation products. In this research, drug degradation kinetics of rigosertib were studied in acidic conditions. Rigosertib follows pseudo-first-order general acid catalysis reaction. Cholestyramine, which is a strong anion exchange resin, was used to form complex with drug to improve stability and dissolution in acidic conditions. Drug complex with cholestyramine showed better dissolution profile compared to drug alone. Effect of polyethylene glycol was investigated on the release of drug from the drug resin complex. Polyethylene glycol further improved dissolution profile by improving drug solubility in acidic medium.
KEY WORDSRigosertib Drug degradation Ion exchange resin (IER) Cholestyramine Dissolution
The authors are thankful to the Onconova Therapeutics, Inc. for providing resources and Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Long Island University for providing an opportunity to conduct the above research.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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