AAPS PharmSciTech

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 1692–1698 | Cite as

Accelerated Stability Modeling for Peptides: a Case Study with Bacitracin

  • Robin Waterman
  • Jennifer Lewis
  • Kenneth C. WatermanEmail author
Research Article


The Accelerated Stability Assessment Program (ASAP) was applied for the first time to a peptide, the antibiotic active pharmaceutical ingredient bacitracin. Bacitracin and its complex with zinc were exposed to temperature and relative humidity conditions from 50 to 80°C and from 0 to 63% for up to 21 days. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to analyze the stressed samples for both degradant formation and loss of the active (bacitracin A) and two inactive isoforms, with identities confirmed by mass spectrometry. These data were then analyzed using a humidity-corrected Arrhenius equation and isoconversion approach to create a shelf-life predicting model for typical storage conditions. Model fitting was found to be good with low residuals in both temperature and relative humidity axes for all parameters examined. The generated model’s predictions for both the native and zinc complex of bacitracin for both formation of the major degradation product (F) and loss of the active isoform (A) were consistent with longer-term measured values at 30°C/53%RH and 40°C/75%RH, validating this approach for accelerating the determination of long-term stability of a peptide.


accelerated stability peptide stability solid-state stability stability modeling 



The authors would like to acknowledge the following scientists from FreeThink Technologies, who helped considerably on this project: Alisa Waterman, Philip Waterman, Tom Sharp, Michael Grabowski, Nick Sinchuk, and Teslin Botoy.


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Copyright information

© American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robin Waterman
    • 1
  • Jennifer Lewis
    • 1
  • Kenneth C. Waterman
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.FreeThink Technologies, Inc.BranfordUSA

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