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Impact-Insertion Applicator Improves Reliability of Skin Penetration by Solid Microneedle Arrays

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We thank Dr. Michael Stumber (Robert Bosch GmbH) for the supply of microneedles and Eleni Maria Varypataki and Stefan Romeijn for their help with the immunization study.

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Correspondence to Joke Bouwstra.

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van der Maaden, K., Sekerdag, E., Jiskoot, W. et al. Impact-Insertion Applicator Improves Reliability of Skin Penetration by Solid Microneedle Arrays. AAPS J 16, 681–684 (2014).

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  • dermal drug delivery
  • microneedles
  • microneedle applicator
  • penetration efficiency
  • vaccination