Nutraceutical-definition and introduction

Abstract

Dr Stephen DeFelice coined the term “Nutraceutical” from “Nutrition” and “Pharmaceutical” in 1989. The term nutraceutical is being commonly used in marketing but has no regulatory definition. An attempt to redefine nutraceuticals and functional foods is made in this article. The proposed definitions can help distinguish between functional foods, nutraceuticals, and dietary supplements. The advantages and disadvantages of nutraceuticals are also briefly discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    Brower V. Nutraceuticals: poised for a healthy slice of the healthcare market? Nat Biotechnol. 1998;16:728–731.

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Zeisel SH. Regulation of “Nutraceuticals”. Science. 1999;285:185–186.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    FDA/CFSAN resources page. Food and Drug Administration Web site. Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994. Available at: http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/dietsupp.html.

  4. 4.

    Nelson NJ. Purple carrots, margarine laced with wood pulp? Nutraceuticals move into the supermarket. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1999;91:755–757.

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Whitman M. Understanding the perceived need for complementary and alternative nutraceuticals: lifestyle issues. Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2001;5:190–194.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Heyland DK. In search of the magic nutraceuticals: problems with current approaches. J Nutr. 2001;131(9):2591S-2595S.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Elizabeth AC. Over-the-counter products: nonprescription medications, nutraceuticals, and herbal agents. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2002;45(1):89–98.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    DeFelice SL. FIM Rationale and Proposed Guidelines for the Nutraceutical Research & Education Act-NREA, November 10, 2002. Foundation for Innovation in Medicine. Available at: http://www.fimdefelice.org/archives/arc.researchact.html.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ekta K. Kalra.

Additional information

Published: September 3, 2003

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kalra, E.K. Nutraceutical-definition and introduction. AAPS PharmSci 5, 27–28 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1208/ps050325

Download citation

Keywords

  • nutraceutical
  • functional food
  • dietary supplement