AAPS PharmSciTech

, 20:321 | Cite as

Simultaneous Evaluation of Dissolution and Permeation of Oral Drug Solid Formulations for Predicting Absorption Rate–Limiting Factors and In Vitro–In Vivo Correlations: Case Study Using a Poorly Soluble Weakly Basic Drug

  • Ziqiang Li
  • Xin HeEmail author
  • Shuang Tian
  • Guo Feng
  • Cong Huang
  • Mingjin Xun
  • Zengguang Wu
  • Yangyang Wang
Research Article


Combined dissolution and permeation systems are designed to simultaneously assess the dissolution of a pharmaceutical dosage form and the permeation of dissolved drugs therefrom. However, there were still some limitations on predicting the possible absorption rate–limiting steps and improving the in vitroin vivo correlation (IVIVC) of a complete dosage form. In this study, the modified biorelevant media with some solubilizers and pH modifiers were integrated into the drug dissolution/absorption simulating system (DDASS). Indapamide, a poorly soluble compound (pKa = 8.8), was selected to validate the applicability of the modified biorelevant media. The elution and permeation dynamics of indapamide were investigated by using appropriate solubilizing agents in the DDASS. The absorption behaviors were analyzed after oral administration of indapamide in beagle dogs. The absorption rate–limiting steps and IVIVCs were predicted from the dissolution–permeation–absorption dynamic parameters. As a result, the absorption fraction of indapamide in the FaSSIFmod of DDASS was estimated to be approximately 100%, in accordance with its high permeability. The ratios of permeation rate to elution rate were 2.55 and 3.34 for the immediate- and sustained-release tablets of indapamide, respectively, suggesting a dissolution rate–limiting absorption for indapamine. In addition, point-to-point correlations were established between in vitro elution and in vivo absorption by the nonlinear and linear regression analysis ways (r > 0.85). The findings indicate that DDASS is a promising technique to develop improved IVIVCs of a complete dosage form, and the FaSSIFmod is suitable to predict the possible absorption rate–limiting steps of poorly soluble drugs in DDASS.


poorly water-soluble drugs in vitro–in vivo correlation indapamide pharmacokinetic drug dissolution/absorption simulating system 


Funding information

This work was supported by grants from the Key Support Projects of Tianjin Science and Technology (16YFZCSY00440), Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team (IRT_14R41), and Tianjin Natural Science Foundation (18JCQNJC83800).

Compliance with ethical standards

This study protocol was approved by the Ethical Review Committee of Second Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of TCM. The animal experiments were performed in accordance with the Principles of Laboratory Animal Care (NIH No. 8523).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

12249_2019_1544_MOESM1_ESM.doc (402 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 402 kb)


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Copyright information

© American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ziqiang Li
    • 1
  • Xin He
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Shuang Tian
    • 1
  • Guo Feng
    • 3
  • Cong Huang
    • 3
  • Mingjin Xun
    • 3
  • Zengguang Wu
    • 3
  • Yangyang Wang
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Second Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese MedicineTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Traditional Chinese MedicineGuangdong Pharmaceutical UniversityGuangdongPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Traditional Chinese MedicineTianjin University of Traditional Chinese MedicineTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

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