The aim of the current study was to evaluate the physicochemical properties of a solid dispersion of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)/cyclodextrin metal organic frameworks-1 (CD-MOF-1). As a result of the powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), it was confirmed that the CD-MOF-1 was changed from the α form to the β form by evaporation (EVP). A diffraction peak due to melting of CoQ10 disappeared the EVP (CoQ10/CD-MOF-1 = 1/2). The structure of this complex is presumed to be similar to the β form of CD-MOF-1. As a result of the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), the endothermic peak due to the melting of CoQ10 disappeared the EVP (CoQ10/CD-MOF-1 = 1/2). As a result of the near-infrared (NIR) absorption spectroscopy, findings suggested the hydrogen bond in formation between the CH group in the isoprene side chains of CoQ10 and the OH group of CD-MOF-1. Therefore, the formation of crystal solid dispersion in CoQ10/CD-MOF-1 was suggested. As a result of the dissolution test in distilled water, the EVP (CoQ10/CD-MOF-1 = 1/2) had better dissolution in comparison to CoQ10 alone. Furthermore, also in fasted state simulated intestinal fluid (FaSSIF) in vivo, the EVP (CoQ10/CD-MOF-1 = 1/2) had better dissolution in the human body than CoQ10 alone. From the results of 2D-nuclear overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY) NMR spectroscopy, CD-MOF-1 could not include the benzoquinone ring of CoQ10. It was confirmed that the isoprene side chain was included. Therefore, it was suggested that CD-MOF-1 useful as a novel drug carrier for CoQ10.
coenzyme Q10 cyclodextrin metal organic frameworks-1 inclusion complex evaporation
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The authors wish to sincerely thank CycloChemBio, which provided γCD, CoQ10, and CoQ10W that were used in this study, and Büchi Labortechnik AG, which provided advice regarding infrared spectroscopy.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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