Electronic and resonance effects on the lonization of structural analogues of efavirenz
The solubility of 4 analogues of efavirenz was studied as a function of pH. The study evaluated the ionization behavior and determined the relative contribution of electronegative substituents versus resonance effects on the pKa value of the cyclic carbamate. The most profound lowering effect on the pKa was due to the presence of multiple electronegative substituents and in particular the trifluoromethyl and acetylene groups. The presence of chlorine on the benzoxazinone ring was found to have a slight impact on the pKa, although to a lesser extent. In the absence of any functional groups on the benzoxazinone ring system, the pKa shifted to a value of 13.2, which is 3 pH units above that of efavirenz and more closely correlates with typical literature values for cyclic carbamates.
KeywordspKa Ionization Benzoxazinone Carbamate Solubility Efavirenz Analogs
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.