Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 1–7 | Cite as

Self-management education: History, definition, outcomes, and mechanisms

  • Kate R. LorigEmail author
  • Halsted R. Holman


Self-management has become a popular term for behavioral interventions as well as for healthful behaviors. This is especially true for the management of chronic conditions. This article offers a short history of self-management. It presents three self-management tasks—medical management, role management, and emotional management—and six self-management skills—problem solving, decision making, resource utilization, the formation of a patient-provider partnership, action planning, and self-tailoring. In addition, the article presents evidence of the effectiveness of self-management interventions and posits a possible mechanism, self-efficacy, through which these interventions work. In conclusion the article discusses problems and solutions for integrating self-management education into the mainstream health care systems.


Behavioral Medicine Patient Education Program Group Health Cooperative Joint Protection Social Persuasion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stanford University School of MedicineUSA

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