Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 244–250 | Cite as

Journaling about stressful events: Effects of cognitive processing and emotional expression

  • Philip M. Ullrich
  • Susan K. Lutgendorf


The effects of two journaling interventions, one focusing on emotional expression and the other on both cognitive processing and emotional expression, were compared during 1 month of journaling about a stressful or traumatic event. One hundred twenty-two students were randomly assigned to one of three writing conditions: (a) focusing on emotions related to a trauma or stressor, (b) focusing on cognitions and emotions related to a trauma or stressor, or (c) writing factually about media events. Writers focusing on cognitions and emotions developed greater awareness of the positive benefits of the stressful event than the other two groups. This effect was apparently mediated by greater cognitive processing during writing. Writers focusing on emotions alone reported more severe illness symptoms during the study than those in other conditions. This effect appeared to be mediated by a greater focus on negative emotional expression during writing.


Traumatic Event Emotional Expression Cognitive Processing Behavioral Medicine Positive Growth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip M. Ullrich
    • 1
  • Susan K. Lutgendorf
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of IowaIowa City

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