Impact of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on sleep, mood, stress and fatigue symptoms in cancer outpatients
- 4k Downloads
Sleep disturbance is a very common problem for cancer patients that has largely not been addressed in the clinical intervention literature. Mindfulness meditation has demonstrated clinical benefits for a variety of patient populations in other areas of functioning. This study examined the effects of an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program on the sleep quality of a heterogeneous sample of 63 cancer patients. Overall sleep disturbance was significantly reduced (p < .001) and participants reported that their sleep quality had improved (p < .001). There was also a significant reduction in stress (p < .001), mood disturbance (p = .001), and fatigue (p < .001). The associations among these changes and implications for improving quality of life of cancer patients are discussed.
Key wordsmindfulness meditation cancer sleep stress fatigue
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Courneya, K. S., Friedenreich, C. M., Sela, R. A., Quinney, H. A., Rhodes, R. E., & Handman, M. (2003). The group psychotherapy and home-based physical exercise (group-hope) trial in cancer survivors: Physical fitness and quality of life outcomes. Psycho-Oncology, 12, 357–374.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain and illness. New York: Delacourt.Google Scholar
- Leckie, M. S. & Thompson, E. (1979). Symptoms of stress inventory. Seattle: University of Washington.Google Scholar
- McNair, D. A., Lorr, M., & Droppelman, L. F. (1971). Profile of mood states. San Diego, CA: Educational and Industrial Testing Service.Google Scholar
- Shapiro, S. L., Astin, J. A., & Carlson, L. E. (2004) Mechanisms of mindfulness: A new way of seeing. Psychological Review.Google Scholar
- Shapiro, S. L., Bootzin, R. R., Figueredo, A. J., Lopez, A. M., & Schwartz, G. E. (2003). The efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction in the treatment of sleep disturbance in women with breast cancer: An exploratory study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 54, 85–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar