Steps and sitting in a working population
This study aimed to assess sitting time and number of steps taken each day, and the relationships between these variables, in a sample of working Australian adults. Workers (N = 185) wore a pedometer for 7 days and recorded the number of steps taken and time spent sitting each day. Average time spent sitting on weekdays was 9.4 (SD = 2.40) hr, with about half spent sitting at work. Despite this, the average steps taken each day (M = 8,873, SD = 2,757) was higher on weekdays than on weekend days. There was a clear inverse relationship between sitting time at work and number of steps taken on weekdays, r = -.34, p < .001); those in the highest tertile for sitting time reported about 3,000 fewer daily steps. Workers in managerial and professional occupations reported more time sitting at work (M = 6.2 hr per day) and lower weekday step counts (M = 7,883, N = 43) than technical (M = 3.3 hr sitting at work and 10,731 weekday steps, N = 33) and blue collar workers (M = 1.6 hours sitting and 11,784 steps, N = 11). The findings suggest those whose daily work involves long hours of sitting should be the focus of efforts to promote physical activity both within and outside the workplace.
Key wordssitting pedometers physical activity occupation workers
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Armstrong, T., Bauman, A., & Davies, J. (2000). Physical activity patterns of Australian adults. Results of the 1999 national physical activity survey. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.Google Scholar
- Brown, W., (2003). [Self-reported sitting time of middle-aged Australian women]. Unpublished raw data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health.Google Scholar
- Brown, W., Ringuet, C., & Trost, S. (2002). How active are adult women? Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 13, 23–28.Google Scholar
- Bull, F., Milligan, R., Rosenberg, M., & MacGowan, H. (2000). Physical activity levels of Western Australian adults 1999. Published by the Health Department of Western Australia and the Sport and Recreation Way2Go. Perth: Western Australian Government.Google Scholar
- Hatano, Y. (1993). Use of pedometer for promoting daily walking exercise. International Council of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, Summer, 4–8.Google Scholar
- Queensland Health and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2003). Physical activity patterns of Queensland adults. Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Health.Google Scholar
- SPSS for Windows. (2002). Version 11.0 standard. Chicago: SPSS Inc.Google Scholar
- United States Department of Health & Human Services. (1986). Physical activity and health: a report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.Google Scholar
- Venn, A., Blizzard, L., Dwyer, T., Cochrane, J., & Hynes, K. (2002). The use of pedometers to measure physical activity in large population-based studies. Unpublished report. Tasmania: Menzies Centre for Population Health Research, University of Tasmania.Google Scholar