Effect of trait hostility on cardiovascular responses to harassment in young men
- 29 Downloads
Hostile individuals may experience more extreme and frequent episodes of anger than nonhostile persons and thus may have exaggerated physiological responses to their environments. Such responses may be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This study examined cardiovascular responses of 24 low-versus 21 high-hostile young men to a mental arithmetic task administered with and without provocation in a 2 x 2 (Groups x Tasks) repeated measure design. Hostility classifications were based on weighted interview ratings of Potential for Hostility. As predicted, high-hostile men showed differentially greater heart rate, blood pressure, and rate-pressure product changes only in response to the task administered with harassment (ps > .05). Similarly, high-hostile men reported more distress, tenseness, irritation, and greater concentration during the harassing task, compared to low-hostile men (ps > .051) Also, the harassing task elicited greater increases in vascular resistance and greater decreases in stroke volume for all subjects, relative to the neutral task (ps> .003). Results suggest that hostile persons faced with anger-evoking situations may produce a constellation of exaggerated cognitive-emotional and cardiovascular responses consistent with increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Key wordsPotential for Hostility (PH) harassment cardiovascular reactivity impedance cardiography Type A Cook-Medley Ho Scale mood
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Rarefool, J. C., Dahlstrom, W. C., & Williams, R. B., Jr. (1983). Hostility, CHD incidence and total mortality: A 25-year follow-up study of 255 physicians. Psychosomatic Medicine, 45, 59–61Google Scholar
- Everson, S. A., Lovallo, W. R., Pincomb, G. A., Kizakevich, P. & Wilson, M. F. (1991). Validation of an ensemble-averaged impedance cardiogram for estimation of stroke volume. Proceedings of the IEEE, Engineering in Medicine & Biology 13th Annual International Conference, 13, 801–802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Heather, L. W. (1969). A comparison of cardiac output values by the impedance cardiograph and dye dilution techniques in cardiac patients. In W. G. Kubicek, D. A. Witsoe, R. P. Patterson, & A. H. L. From (Eds.), Development and evaluation of an impedance cardiographic system to measure cardiac output and other cardiac parameters (NASA-CR-101956, pp. 247–238). Houston, TX: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.Google Scholar
- Lovallo, W. R., & Wilson, M. F. (1992). The role of cardiovascular reactivity in hypertension risk. In J. R. Turner, A. Sherwood, & K. C. Light (Eds.), Individual differences in cardiovascular response to stress (pp. 165–186). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
- Lundberg, U. (1980). Catecholamine and Cortisol excretion under psychologically different laboratory conditions. In E. Usdin, R. Kvetnansky. & I. J. Kopin (Eds.), Catecholamines and stress; Recent advances (pp. 455–460). New York: Elsevier North Holland.Google Scholar
- Roseaman, R. H. (1977). The interview method of assessment of the coronary-prone behavior pattern, In T. M. Dembroski (Ed.), Proceedings of the Forum on Coronary-Prime Behavior (DHEW Publication No, NIH 78-1457. pp. 83–103). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
- Smith, T. W. (1989) Interactions, transactions, and the Type A pattern: Additional avenues in the search for coronary-prone behavior. In A. W. Siegman & T. M. Dembroski (Eds), In Search of Coronary-Prone Behavior: Beyond Type A (pp. 91–116). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Inc.Google Scholar
- Suls, J., & Sanders, G. S. (1989). Why do some behavioral styles place people at coronary risk? In A. W. Siegman & T. M. Dembroski (Eds.), In search of coronary-prone behavior: Beyond Type A (pp. 1–20). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.Google Scholar
- Williams, R. B., Jr., Barefoot, J. C., & Shekelle, R. B. (1985). The health consequences of hostility. In M. A. Chesney & R. H. Rosenman (Eds.), Anger and hostility in cardiovascular and behavioral disorders (pp. 173–185). Washington, DC: Hemisphere.Google Scholar
- Winer, B. J. (1971). Statistical principles in experimental design (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar