International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 125–142

Association between job characteristics and health behaviors in Japanese rural workers

  • Akizumi Tsutsumi
  • Kazunori Kayaba
  • Manabu Yoshimura
  • Machi Sawada
  • Shizukiyo Ishikawa
  • Kenichiro Sakai
  • Tadao Gotoh
  • Naoki Nago
  • The Jichi Medical School Cohort Study Group
Article

DOI: 10.1207/S15327558IJBM1002_03

Cite this article as:
Tsutsumi, A., Kayaba, K., Yoshimura, M. et al. Int. J. Behav. Med. (2003) 10: 125. doi:10.1207/S15327558IJBM1002_03

Abstract

Associations between job characteristics defined by the Karasek’s job demand-control model and health behaviors were investigated in a cross-sectional analysis of 6,759 Japanese rural workers. High psychological demands were associated with heavy smoking, exaggerated prevalence of alcohol drinking, and high work-related physical activity. Low job control was associated with lower consumption of vegetables, a smaller quantity number of cigarettes smoked, and a low level of work-related physical activity. Job strain, a combined measure obtained from the ratio of demands to control, was associated with lower vegetable consumption, low prevalence of smoking, and high prevalence of current alcohol drinking. Stratified analyses by occupations and gender provided some but not allof the explanations for the unexpected findings. The results indicate a possible association between psychosocial job characteristics and health behaviors. A few unexpected findings prevent complete support to one of the hypothetical pathways that the job characteristics lead to cardiovascular disease through behaviors.

Key words

health behaviors stress psychosocial work 

Copyright information

© International Society of Behavioral Medicine 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akizumi Tsutsumi
    • 1
  • Kazunori Kayaba
    • 2
  • Manabu Yoshimura
    • 3
  • Machi Sawada
    • 4
  • Shizukiyo Ishikawa
    • 5
  • Kenichiro Sakai
    • 6
  • Tadao Gotoh
    • 7
  • Naoki Nago
    • 8
  • The Jichi Medical School Cohort Study Group
  1. 1.Okayama University School of Medicine and Dentistry, Social and Environmental Life Sciences, Social Medicine and Longevity Sciences, Hygiene and Preventive MedicineOkayamaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Community and Family MedicineJichi Medical SchoolTochigiJapan
  3. 3.Kuze National Health Insurance ClinicGifuJapan
  4. 4.Osaki National Health Insurance ClinicKochiJapan
  5. 5.Department of Community and Family MedicineJichi Medical SchoolTochigiJapan
  6. 6.Department of Internal MedicineAkaike Town HospitalFukuokaJapan
  7. 7.Department of Internal MedicineWara National Health Insurance HospitalGifuJapan
  8. 8.Tsukude National Health Insurance ClinicAichiJapan

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