Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 120–124 | Cite as

Public and private self-consciousness and smoking behavior in head and neck cancer patients

  • Katherine A. Raichle
  • Alan J. Christensen
  • Shawna Ehlers
  • Patricia J. Moran
  • Lucy Karnell
  • Gerry Funk

Abstract

Patients who continue to use tobacco following treatment for head and neck cancers are at a greater risk for cancer recurrence and earlier mortality. This study examined the unique effects of public and private self-consciousness and negative affect on smoking behavior in a sample of 40 patients with cancers of the head and neck. Measures of public and private self-consciousness and negative affect were administered and assessments of past and current smoking behavior were obtained. Only public self-consciousness was a significant predictor of continued smoking following oncologic treatment. Specifically, individuals with low levels of public self-consciousness were nearly 13 times more likely to continue smoking compared to those with relatively higher levels of public self-consciousness. This pattern is interpreted in the context of previous theorizing that suggests individuals high in public self-consciousness are more likely to discontinue habitual behavior that is perceived as socially undesirable or incorrect.

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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine A. Raichle
    • 1
  • Alan J. Christensen
    • 1
  • Shawna Ehlers
    • 1
  • Patricia J. Moran
    • 1
  • Lucy Karnell
    • 2
  • Gerry Funk
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, E1 1 Seashore HallThe University of IowaIowa City
  2. 2.University of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa

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