The Covid19 outbreak: a catalyst for digitization in African countries

To the Editor:

Digital health use in some African countries has prompted a significant transformation [1] and we would like to underline the Covid-19 outbreak’s role as a catalyst for digital health growth in Africa.

The Covid-19 outbreak is the global health crisis of the century with 210 affected countries and 10,599,620 million confirmed cases [2]. Alongside the human cost, the pandemic has taken a heavy toll on societies, international economy, and healthcare systems worldwide.

Containment measures were enforced to mitigate this impact, especially in countries with fragile health systems since slowing infection spread is the main method to tackle this crisis.

As schools and offices are closing, digitalization is key to survive. Remote work, E-learning, and the use of online services on an everyday basis are becoming the new norms, and digitization initiatives, such as the Morocco Digital Transformation Strategy [3] are fast tracked. Similarly, to reduce hospital-related transmission and infection, hospital organization and patient management are also shifting.

In medicine, the current situation revealed the possibility of harnessing the power of digital technology to fight the pandemic and benefit health systems in the long run [4]. Telemedicine is increasingly used with patients’ fear of contagion pushing them to avoid hospitals and as lockdown hinders normal consults. In Morocco, the ministry of health launched a free telemedicine platform to allow remote medical care in these times, and similar initiatives were adopted by a wide range of African countries. Technology is also implemented in appointment booking and triage of possible Covid-19 contacts.

On the other hand, with less than one physician per thousand people [5], doctor shortage in Africa is a challenge that technology could solve. Digital health will enable remote chronic disease follow-up, multidisciplinary video conference meetings, and specialized consults for hospitalized patients. This will compensate for the lack of resources and healthcare infrastructures alongside allowing for an even distribution of health services. In addition, as digital literacy is increased by the current circumstances, patients’ acceptance of remote health services will also change.

The current crisis, although putting strain on health systems worldwide, has allowed for the accelerated implementation of digital strategies in health services. This increased technology use can help breach healthcare inequities and be a step forward towards a more universal health coverage in an ever changing medicine.

Availability of data and materials

Not applicable

References

  1. 1.

    Holst C, Sukums F, Radovanovic D, Ngowi B, Noll J, Winkler AS. Sub-Saharan Africa—the new breeding ground for global digital health. The Lancet Digital Health. 2020:e160–2. https://doi.org/10.1016/s2589-7500(20)30027-3.

  2. 2.

    Coronavirus deaths worldwide by country | Statista. In: Statista [Internet]. [cited July 1st, 2010]. Available from: https://www.statista.com/statistics/1043366/novel-coronavirus-2019ncov-cases-worldwide-by-country/.

  3. 3.

    UNESCO: Stratégie Maroc Digital 2020. Website. [cited 6 May 2020]. Available from: https://en.unesco.org/creativity/periodic-reports/measures/strategie-maroc-digital-2020.

  4. 4.

    WHO: Digital technology for COVID-19 response. Website. [cited 6 May 2020]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/03-04-2020-digital-technology-for-covid-19-response.

  5. 5.

    World Bank Data: Physicians (per 1,000 people) | Word Bank Open Data. [cited 6 May 2020]. Available from: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.MED.PHYS.ZS.

Download references

Acknowledgements

Not applicable

Funding

There is no funding for this study.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

SB, HE, and AS contributed in writing, revision, and finalization of this article. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Authors’ information

SB is currently a researcher at Hassan II University, Casablanca, working on the virtualization of hospitals’ supply chains. He had been working with the Moroccan Health Ministry and several multinational ICT companies. AS is a Senior Surgeon and Medical University Professor. HE is a doctor in medicine and a researcher within the National Institute of Oncology.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Said Bensbih.

Ethics declarations

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Not applicable

Consent for publication

Not applicable

Competing interests

All authors confirmed that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Bensbih, S., Essangri, H. & Souadka, A. The Covid19 outbreak: a catalyst for digitization in African countries. J. Egypt. Public. Health. Assoc. 95, 17 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s42506-020-00047-w

Download citation