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Table 9 Optimization results of the MINLP model

From: Enhancing the lubricity of gas-to-liquid (GTL) paraffinic kerosene: impact of the additives on the physicochemical properties

Properties Optimization Model Lab testing data
Additives Ethyl oleate Ethyl oleate
Fuel SPK Extracted SPK
Concentration (Vol%) 5.6 5
Lubricity (μm) 493.48 417
Density (g/cm3) 0.749 0.75
Freezing point (°C) −42.2 −38.9
Flash point (°C) 58.8 53.5
Viscosity (cSt) 7.3 7.06
Gross Heat Content (MJ/kg) 44.02 43.78