Table 6 Log odds of emigrating from Spain by Spaniards born in Spain. CCE

From: Spain: from massive immigration to vast emigration?

  Exit of Spaniards born in Spain
  CCE
Variables (1) (2) (4) (5)
U(country) −0.07086 −0.06150 −0.07091 −0.06206
  (0.00658)** (0.00735)** (0.00656)** (0.00730)**
U(CCAA)    0.02133 0.04422
    (0.00410)** (0.00330)**
Time dummies Yes Yes Yes No
Country dummies Yes No Yes No
Region dummies Yes No Yes No
Pair country/region dummies No Yes Yes Yes
Auxiliary regressors No No Yes Yes
Constant −7.258 −1.298 −7.758 −1.870
  (0.57809)** (0.17405)** (0.58854)** (0.17853)**
R-squared 0.79 0.32 0.79 0.33
Observations 2267 2267 2267 2267
  1. Source: The dependent variable is the logarithm of exits from Estadística de Variaciones Residenciales by region of residence and country of destination (2002–2012) over the population in the region of residence (padron) in thousands. Unemployment rates of regions in Spain are from the labour force survey and unemployment in origin countries at the WEO. The auxiliary regressors are the cross country average of all dependent and independent variables. Observations are weighted by the population of the region of origin in Spain. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01