Table 3 Log odds of immigrating to Spain by foreigners. Fixed effects

From: Spain: from massive immigration to vast emigration?

  Entry of foreigners
  Fixed effects
Variables (1) (2) (4) (5)
U(country) 0.04921 0.04948 0.04921 0.04948
  (0.00002)** (0.00001)** (0.00002)** (0.00001)**
U(CCAA)    −0.01041 −0.00919
    (0.00002)** (0.00001)**
Time dummies Yes Yes Yes No
Country dummies Yes No Yes No
Region dummies Yes No Yes No
Pair country/region dummies No Yes Yes Yes
Auxiliary regressors No No Yes Yes
Constant −8.938 −1.041 −8.719 −1.029
  (0.00021)** (0.00012)** (0.00042)** (0.00020)**
R-squared 0.88 0.72 0.88 0.72
Observations 6938 6938 6938 6938
  1. Source: The dependent variable is the logarithm of entries from Estadística de Variaciones Residenciales by country of birth and region of destination in a particular year (1998–2012) over the population in the country of birth in the corresponding year (WEO) in thousands. Unemployment rates of regions in Spain are from the labour force survey and unemployment in origin countries at the WEO. The auxiliary regressors are the cross country average of all dependent and independent variables. Observations are weighted by the population of the origin country. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01